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General anesthesia is associated with loss of pulmonary functional residual capacity and consequent developement of atelectasis and closure of the small airway. Infants and young children are more susceptible to this lung collapse due to their small functional residual capacity.
Mechanical ventilation in a lung with reduced functional residual capacity and atelectasis increased the dynamic alveolar stress-strain inducing a local inflammatory response in atelectatic lungs areas know as ventilatory induced-lung injury (VILI). This phenomenon may appear even in healthy patients undergoing general anesthesia and predisposes children to hypoxemic episodes that can persist in the early postoperative period. During laparoscopy, pneumoperitoneum may aggravate the reduction of functional residual capacity as it generates a further increase in intra-abdominal pressure.
The increase in alveolar stress-strain cloud be reduced during pneumoperitoneum in theory, if normal functional residual capacity is restored and the transpulmonary pression is reached at the end of expiration of 0-1 cmH2O.
This is a prospective and observational study designed to measure transpulmonary pressure during pneumoperitoneum. The investigators will studied 15 mechanically ventilated pediatric patients schedule for abdominal laparoscopy surgery under general anesthesia.
Lung mechanics will be assessed during laparoscopy. Esophageal pressure will be measured by an esophageal ballon to measure transpulmonary pressure. Lung collapse will detected when transpulmonary pressure became negative and using lung ultrasound images. A lung recruitment maneuver will be applied if these patients present atelectasis during surgery. The optimal level of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) if defined as the PEEP level when transpulmonary pressure remains positive during the PEEP titration trial of the recruitment maneuver.
Measure the transpulmonary pressure in pediatric patients
Not yet recruiting
Hospital Privado de Comunidad de Mar del Plata
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-05T00:03:18-0500
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Mechanical ventilation can induce pulmonary lesions called ventilator induced lung injury (VILI). High levels of Transpulmonary pressure is one of the most important mechanism of VILI duri...
Study aims to prospectively evaluate if the pressures normally applied during mechanical ventilation in laparoscopic surgery induce stress on the pulmonary wall. To do this is used measure...
We aim to demonstrate that use of transpulmonary pressure to guide PEEP management is safe in patients with possible elevations of intracranial pressure.
Anesthesia-induced atelectasis is a well-known entity observed in approximately 68-100% of pediatric patients undergoing general anesthesia. Infants and young children are more susceptible...
Transpulmonary driving pressure plays an important role in today´s understanding of ventilator induced lung injury. We have previously validated a novel non-invasive method based on stepwise incremen...
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Registered nurses with graduate degrees in nursing who provide care to pediatric patients who are acutely or critically ill.
Absence of air in the entire or part of a lung, such as an incompletely inflated neonate lung or a collapsed adult lung. Pulmonary atelectasis can be caused by airway obstruction, lung compression, fibrotic contraction, or other factors.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
Placement of a balloon-tipped catheter into the pulmonary artery through the antecubital, subclavian, and sometimes the femoral vein. It is used to measure pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary artery wedge pressure which reflects left atrial pressure and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure. The catheter is threaded into the right atrium, the balloon is inflated and the catheter follows the blood flow through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle and out into the pulmonary artery.
The pressure within the CARDIAC ATRIUM. It can be measured directly by using a pressure catheter (see HEART CATHETERIZATION). It can be also estimated using various imaging techniques or other pressure readings such as PULMONARY CAPILLARY WEDGE PRESSURE (an estimate of left atrial pressure) and CENTRAL VENOUS PRESSURE (an estimate of right atrial pressure).
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...