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Effects of Closed and Open Kinetic Chain Exercises

2019-12-06 00:24:25 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a heterogeneous pathology characterized by focal cartilage degeneration and the formation of new bone around the subchondral bone and joint, which is the disruption of balance between the processes of destruction and repair in subchondral area. Knee OA is a considerable cause of disability and is present in 2-3% of all disability causes. Exercises are more noticeable than other methods because they are an easy method, low cost and long-lasting. To the best of our knowledge, the studies based on this topic are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare the effects of open and closed kinetic chain exercises on pain, functional level, quality of life and muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Description

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a heterogeneous pathology characterized by degeneration of the posterior focal cartilage and the formation of new bone around the subchondral bone and joint, which is the disruption of the balance between the processes of destruction and repair of the joint cartilage and subchondral region. Radiologically, OA was reported in the majority of people over 65 years old and in 80% of those over 75 years old. OA is the most common joint disease in the world. Knee OA is an important health problem due to pain, functional disability and reduced quality of life in patients. Studies have shown that knee OA is associated with inadequacy and pain associated with decreased quadriceps muscle strength. Strengthening education has been shown to have positive effects on OA.

Knee OA is a significant disability cause and is present in 3% of all disability causes. OA causes disability and consequent labor loss and economic loss. Therefore, OA therapy gains importance. OA therapy is classified under three headings as pharmacological methods, non-pharmacological methods and surgical methods. In non-pharmacological methods, there are a number of studies showing the effectiveness of exercise in particular. Because it is an easy method, the cost is low and it is applicable for a long time, the exercises are more important than other methods. The literature on exercise programs with optimal gains for knee osteoarthritis has not yet been established, with numerous studies reporting the importance of different types of exercise for the treatment of knee OA in the literature. Open kinetic chain exercises are frequently used to strengthen the quadriceps muscle. Closed kinetic chain exercises have been shown to increase muscle strength and improve proprioceptive function by activating more muscle spindle and joint proprioceptors. In literature, there are researches that compare closed and open kinetic chain exercises. However, these studies mostly focus on exercises after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of open and closed kinetic chain exercises on pain, functional level, quality of life and muscle strength in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Study Design

Conditions

Osteo Arthritis Knee

Intervention

Closed Cinetic Chain Exercises, Open Kinetic Chain Exercises, Control Group

Location

Caner KARARTI
Kırşehir
Turkey
40100

Status

Completed

Source

Hacettepe University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-06T00:24:25-0500

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