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Fecal Microbium Change in Pediatric Patients With Spina Bifida: Prospective Case-control Study

2019-12-05 00:03:03 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Purpose: In order to verify the hypothesis that the composition of intestinal microbiota in children with spina bifida is different from that of normal control, prospective comparative analysis would be performed.

Background of the study:

Spina bifida is a congenital neurological disorder, causing neurogenic bowel. It has been known that the intestinal microbiota in spinal cord injury patient was different than that of control. Changes in intestinal motility, mucous secretion, immune surveillance, and epithelial barrier permeability are possible causes of this change. As spina bifida is also related with neurogenic bowel, the investigators hypothesized that the intestinal microbiota in spina bifida is different from that of normal control.

Patients total 30 patients and 10 controls Inclusion for patients

Patients who meet following conditions:

1) Children over 3 years old and under 12 years old who have been diagnosed with spinal bifida with spinal MRI Exclusion for patients and controls

1) Children with known inflammatory bowel disease or cloacal anomaly

Statistical analysis Statistical processing for fecal samples is aimed at alpha or beta diversity using bioinformatics, and the Kruskal-Wallis test is used to compare similarities or differences between each fecal sample. Prior to statistical analysis, the relative abundance of the detected microorganisms is analyzed first, and microorganisms having a distribution less than 0.1% are excluded from the analysis, and the remaining microorganisms are analyzed in the 'genus' step.

Study Design

Conditions

Spina Bifida

Location

Department of Urology, Yonsei University College of Medicine
Seoul
Korea, Republic of

Status

Enrolling by invitation

Source

Yonsei University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-05T00:03:03-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Congenital defects of closure of one or more vertebral arches, which may be associated with malformations of the spinal cord, nerve roots, congenital fibrous bands, lipomas, and congenital cysts. These malformations range from mild (e.g., SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA) to severe, including rachischisis where there is complete failure of neural tube and spinal cord fusion, resulting in exposure of the spinal cord at the surface. Spinal dysraphism includes all forms of spina bifida. The open form is called SPINA BIFIDA CYSTICA and the closed form is SPINA BIFIDA OCCULTA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p34)

A form of spinal dysraphism associated with a protruding cyst made up of either meninges (i.e., a MENINGOCELE) or meninges in combination with spinal cord tissue (i.e., a MENINGOMYELOCELE). These lesions are frequently associated with spinal cord dysfunction, HYDROCEPHALUS, and SYRINGOMYELIA. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp224-5)

Hereditary disorder consisting of multiple basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts, and multiple skeletal defects, e.g., frontal and temporoparietal bossing, bifurcated and splayed ribs, kyphoscoliosis, fusion of vertebrae, and cervicothoracic spina bifida. Genetic transmission is autosomal dominant.

A common congenital midline defect of fusion of the vertebral arch without protrusion of the spinal cord or meninges. The lesion is also covered by skin. L5 and S1 are the most common vertebrae involved. The condition may be associated with an overlying area of hyperpigmented skin, a dermal sinus, or an abnormal patch of hair. The majority of individuals with this malformation are asymptomatic although there is an increased incidence of tethered cord syndrome and lumbar SPONDYLOSIS. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p34)

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