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Carbon Ion Re-Radiotherapy in Patients With Recurrent or Progressive Locally Advanced Head-and-Neck Cancer

2019-12-08 01:41:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

After multimodal therapy of head-and-neck tumors, patients often develop local recurrence, locally progressive disease or second primary tumors. In this highly pre-treated patient cohort, therapeutic options are limited. Patients that are not candidates for salvage surgery may benefit from re-irradiation. Despite recent technical advances, re-irradiation is associated with severe side effects. Carbon ion Re-Radiotherapy (reCIRT) has shown encouraging results in retrospective analyses with moderate toxicity.

In the current Phase-II CARE-trial, reCIRT and conventional photon re-irradiation in patients with recurrent or progressive locally advanced head-and-neck cancer will be assessed regarding toxicity/ safety, local progression-free survival, overall survival and quality-of-life.

Description

The incidence of head-and-neck cancer worldwide amounts to around 550.000 cases per year, with male patients affected significantly more often. Common risk factors are smoking, alcohol, viral infections, immunodeficiency or genetic factors. Locally advanced head-and-neck tumors can lead to severe symptoms such as dysphagia, cachexia and tumor pain with a significant decrease of the quality-of-life. The prognosis depends on multiple factors such as TNM-staging, tumor volume, histology, general condition, age and smoking. Further risk factors are positive resection margins, extracapsular extension and perineural invasion. While metastatic spread significantly decreases overall survival, the life-limiting problem in patients with head-and-neck cancer is locally invasive and destructive tumor growth leading to a decrease of the performance status and quality of life. After multimodal therapy of locally advanced head-and-neck tumors, around 30 - 50% of patients will develop local recurrence or locally progressive disease and up to 8% of patients with HNSCC will develop a second primary tumor in the head-and-neck .

Study Design

Conditions

Locally Advanced Head-and-Neck Cancer

Intervention

C12 re-irradiation, Photon re-irradiation

Location

University Hospital of Heidelberg, Radiation Oncology
Heidelberg
Germany
69120

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University Hospital Heidelberg

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-08T01:41:37-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Irradiation of one half or both halves of the body in the treatment of disseminated cancer or widespread metastases. It is used to treat diffuse metastases in one session as opposed to multiple fields over an extended period. The more frequent treatment modalities are upper hemibody irradiation (UHBI) or lower hemibody irradiation (LHBI). Less common is mid-body irradiation (MBI). In the treatment of both halves of the body sequentially, hemibody irradiation permits radiotherapy of the whole body with larger doses of radiation than could be accomplished with WHOLE-BODY IRRADIATION. It is sometimes called "systemic" hemibody irradiation with reference to its use in widespread cancer or metastases. (P. Rubin et al. Cancer, Vol 55, p2210, 1985)

External or interstitial irradiation to treat lymphomas (e.g., Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas) and lymph node metastases and also some autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Irradiation of the whole body with ionizing or non-ionizing radiation. It is applicable to humans or animals but not to microorganisms.

A suspension of radioactive gold particles emitting negative beta particles and gamma irradiation. It was formerly used for liver scans and irradiation treatment of some metastatic malignancies.

The exposure of the head to roentgen rays or other forms of radioactivity for therapeutic or preventive purposes.

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