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This study will compare the efficiency of the iPad distraction or the administration of Nitrous Oxide on the anxiety decrease when a peripheral venous catheter is needed in children between 3 and 9 years old.
The study is aiming at demonstrating the efficacy of active distraction by an iPad on the anxiety consequent to venipuncture and insertion of a peripheral vein catheter. The comparator is nitrous oxide in a 50% mixture with oxygen that is routinely used for sedation during procedural pain. However, nitrous oxide has secondary effects particularly on the inhibition of Vitamin B12.
The primary outcome is anxiety scores. Secondary outcomes are pain scores and satisfaction of parents and health providers.
All children will have EMLA cream (mixture prilocaine and lidocaine) applied one hour prior to venous punction. Anxiety, pain and satisfaction scores will be recorded at baseline and then within an hour following the venipuncture and insertion of the peripheral vein catheter.
Games on an iPad, Nitrous Oxide
Geneva Children's Hospital
University Hospital, Geneva
Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-10T01:21:18-0500
Lumbar puncture (LP) is a frequent exam that can cause pain and anxiety. In a pilot single-center study, it has been shown that nitrous oxide use during the procedure was able to reduce bo...
Lumbar puncture (LP) is a frequent exam that can cause pain and anxiety. In a scheduled setting, it has been shown that nitrous oxide use during the procedure was able to reduce both pain ...
The purpose of this study is to understand how a commonly used drug, nitrous oxide, acts on the brain to reduce pain. Nitrous oxide is commonly used in anesthesiology but there is limited ...
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The objective of the present study was to compare 3 sedation protocols using diazepam, midazolam, and nitrous oxide.
In The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal of 1847 (later to be called The New England Journal of Medicine), Boston chemist George Washington Frost Mellen claimed that inhaled nitrous oxide gas suppor...
Inventor J.M. Osgood enabled a fellow Massachusetts inventor, A.W. Sprague, to manufacture heat-regulated nitrous-oxide generators. These generators assisted New Yorker G.Q. Colton in opening exodonti...
Nitrous oxide (NO) is a colorless, odorless gas used as an anesthetic and analgesic. It is also abused as a recreational drug, and such abuse is associated with neurological disorders and psychiatric ...
Chemist and inventor Silas R. Divine (1838-1912) sold ammonium nitrate and other anesthesia supplies in New York City. He offered a carbon dioxide absorber for the purpose of rebreathing nitrous oxide...
Nitrogen oxide (N2O). A colorless, odorless gas that is used as an anesthetic and analgesic. High concentrations cause a narcotic effect and may replace oxygen, causing death by asphyxia. It is also used as a food aerosol in the preparation of whipping cream.
A neuropathy due to VITAMIN B 12 DEFICIENCY or to excessive NITROUS OXIDE inhalation. It is associated with overproduction of the myelinolytic TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedure or strategies.
A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)
Nitrous acid (HNO2). A weak acid that exists only in solution. It can form water-soluble nitrites and stable esters. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Anxiety is caused by stress. It is a natural reaction, and is beneficial in helping us deal with tense situations and pressure. It is deterimental when is becomes an excessive, irrational dread of everyday situations. The most common types of anxiety di...