Virtual Reality Versus Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation on Postmastectomy Lymphedema

2019-12-06 00:24:33 | BioPortfolio


This study aimed to compare the therapeutic efficacy of VR and PNF on lymphedema and function in unilateral post-mastectomy lymphedema (UPML) patients. The patients were subdivided into two equal groups, 15 in each. Fifteen patients performed virtual reality-based exercises plus complete decongestive therapy, while the other fifteen patients performed proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation plus complete decongestive therapy. The volume difference between normal and affected limbs was calculated before and after eight sessions of treatment for both groups by using the circumferential method. And the upper limb function was assessed before and after eight sessions of treatment for both groups by using the Arabic version of the Quick DASH scale.

Study Design


Postmastectomy Lymphedema


virtual reality, proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, complete decogestive therapy


faculty of physical therapy, Cairo university




Cairo University

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-06T00:24:33-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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