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Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma Therapy for Androgenetic Alopecia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

2019-12-13 01:52:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

assess the literature on PRP outcomes for AGA, with a focus on specific clinical outcomes in a comparative view, in accordance with PRISMA statement for reporting this meta-analysis

Description

Androgenic alopecia (AGA) also known as androgenetic alopecia or male pattern baldness, is a common disorder that affects both men and women. Is one of the commonest reasons for dermatological consultation worldwide (1). It is characterized by progressive hair loss, especially of scalp hair, and has distinct patterns of loss in women versus men. AGA is an age-dependent disorder characterized by patterned hair loss. Based on the few prevalence data available, Know that by the age of 30 years about 30% of men will have AGA and that this will rise to about 50% by the age of 50 years and as many as 90% in their lifetime (2) , Although prevalence increases with age in all populations, thinning can begin as early as puberty (3). The hair thinning begins between the ages of 12 and 40 years in both sexes and approximately half the population expresses this trait to some degree before the age of 50 years (4). Androgentic alopecia is familial with a complex polygenic mode of inheritance (5) . Polymorphism of the androgen receptor gene, the 5 a reductase gene and 2 other, as yet unidentified genes on chromosomes 3 and 21 have been all been associated with premature balding (6). There is a family tendency towards androgenetic alopecia and it is thought to have a polygenic mode of inheritance. Alopecia causes major discomfort due to altered appearance with significant implications in daily living and possible leading to depression and anxiety symptoms with a significantly higher prevalence in AGA female compared with male subjects (7). Pathophysiology upon entry of testosterone into the hair follicle via dermal papilla's capillaries, binding occurs to the androgen receptors (ARs) either directly or after its conversion to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) (8). AGA is known to be mediated by the conversion of circulating androgens into DHT within the hair follicle .In the hair follicle cells, testosterone converts into the biologically more active metabolite; DHT, which is considered the key androgen required for the induction of AGA (9). This conversion is catalyzed by the enzyme 5α-reductase type-II. Binding of androgens to their ARs leads to conformational change of the AR-androgen complex which is then transported into the nucleus where it can bind to DNA which has distinctive binding sites: In most men, AGA involves the fronto temporal area and the vertex, following a pattern corresponding to the Hamilton- Norwood scale (10). In women, typically three patterns have been 1-Diffuse thinning of the crown region with preservation of the frontal hairline 2-Thinning and widening of the central part of the scalp with breach of frontal hairline, 3- Thinning associated with bitemporal recession (Hamilton-Norwood type, diagnostic evaluation form for AGA, including history, clinical evaluation like scalp and hair examination and diagnostic techniques and test (Pull test, Wash test), and clinical documentation . AGA can be treated medically, surgically or cosmetically (11) The most recommended treatment for AGA is composed of local minoxidil, hormonal therapy such as local and oral antiandrogens (12).

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is used as an innovative therapy in diverse fields including dentistry, surgery, orthopedics, dermatology and aesthetics (13). Currently, PRP preparation systems have FDA clearance for use in bone grafts and operative Orthopedics but off-label purposes such as for hair restoration have become increasingly common. PRP is a rich source of growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), transforming growth factor-b (TGF-b), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF) and fibroblast growth factor (FGF) which together can stimulate cell survival, proliferation, differentiation, vascularization and angiogenesis (14). Application of these growth factors to dermal papilla (DP) cells can lead to the initiation and prolongation of anagen phase in the hair follicle. Alpha granules within the platelets contain the growth factors and facilitate release at high concentrations, when the PRP preparation is activated. PRP is produced through cell separation by commercial kits or manual methods using a laboratory centrifuge and then injected into androgen-dependent areas of the scalp ( 15). With more hair restoration clinics choosing to offer PRP therapy, data on treatment efficacy have begun to accumulate. The AGA application remains in the early stages as treatment protocols are still being refined. At this time, PRP has been used in combination with hair transplant surgery and as an injectable therapy alone. Furthermore, diverse methods are reported as activators can be used to stimulate growth factor release; additional components such as leukocytes and dalteparin and protamine micro particles may be included to boost results; and quantity and frequency of treatments have varied widely (16).

The conduction of a meta-analysis provides systematic assessment of previous research studies to derive conclusions about that body of research. Outcomes from a meta-analysis may include a more precise estimate of the effect of treatment than any individual study .

Study Design

Conditions

Androgenetic Alopecia

Location

Assiut University
Assiut
Assiut Governorate
Egypt
71515 Assiut

Status

Recruiting

Source

Assiut University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2019-12-13T01:52:12-0500

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PubMed Articles [133 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Pediatric Androgenetic Alopecia: a Review.

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Platelet-rich plasma injections in the treatment of male androgenetic alopecia: A randomized placebo-controlled crossover study.

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment for androgenetic alopecia (AGA) has been increasingly used, yet there remains a dearth of data on the effectiveness of this approach.

Physiopathology and current treatments of androgenetic alopecia: going beyond androgens and anti-androgens.

Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most diagnosed hair loss dysfunction. Its physiopathology comprises a genetic predisposition affording an exacerbated response of the hair follicles cells to androge...

Stromal vascular fraction-enriched platelet-rich plasma therapy reverses the effects of androgenetic alopecia.

Since antiquity, humans have been trying to devise remedies to cure androgenetic alopecia (AGA). These efforts include use of oral and topical concoctions and hair transplant strategies. As AGA affec...

Fibrosing Alopecia in a Pattern Distribution.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Absence of hair from areas where it is normally present.

A microscopically inflammatory, usually reversible, patchy hair loss occurring in sharply defined areas and usually involving the beard or scalp. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.

Benign childhood alopecia that improves spontaneously with aging. It is characterized by anagen hairs (misshapen hair bulbs and absent inner and outer root sheaths), thin, and sparse hairs that pulls out easily.

A syndrome characterized by bilateral granulomatous UVEITIS with IRITIS and secondary GLAUCOMA, premature ALOPECIA, symmetrical VITILIGO, poliosis circumscripta (a strand of depigmented hair), HEARING DISORDERS, and meningeal signs (neck stiffness and headache). Examination of the cerebrospinal fluid reveals a pattern consistent with MENINGITIS, ASEPTIC. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p748; Surv Ophthalmol 1995 Jan;39(4):265-292)

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