Topics

Evaluating Radiomorphometric Indices and Fractal Dimension of the Pediatric Oncology Patients on Panoramic Images

2020-01-07 08:32:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study evaluated pediatric oncology patients in terms of quality of bone and determine any relation between bone quality and radiotherapy/chemotherapy. The alternative hypothesis is that the bone quality of the oncology patients who received radiotherapy/chemotherapy is lower than the control group.

Description

Cancer is the abnormal and uncontrolled proliferation of certain tissues in the body for a reason that cannot be determined yet. Childhood cancers occur between 0-17 years of age, and follow-up and treatment of these patients are performed in pediatric oncology services. Diagnosis in childhood cancers can be made by clinical examination as well as blood tests and examination of tissue samples. There are also some imaging methods used for diagnosis; ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography / computed tomography (PET / CT).

Treatment methods in childhood cancers are as follows; surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and stem cell transplantation. Once diagnosed, oncologists and surgeons may choose one of these treatment options by mutual consultation or decide on a treatment method. Fractal analysis is a numerical as fractal dimension. Trabeculae are thin columns with numerous large spaces that give a honeycomb or spongy appearance of cancellous bone, which is also called trabecular bone or spongy bone. Previously, fractal analysis has been reported as a useful method to detect various diseases that affect the trabecular bone structure. Particularly in the field of dentistry, studies have shown that fractal analysis by the box-counting method can successfully evaluate trabecular changes in the mandible of patients with osteoporosis and periodontal diseases and in lactating women.

Study Design

Conditions

Oncology

Intervention

Panoramic Radiography

Location

Nuh Naci Yazgan University
Kayseri
Kocasinan
Turkey
38170

Status

Completed

Source

Nuh Naci Yazgan University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-01-07T08:32:21-0500

Clinical Trials [247 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Accuracy of Linear Measurements of Ultra-low Dose Cone Beam Computed Tomography and Digital Panoramic Radiography

measurements performed directly on dry mandibles will be compared with measurements obtained from CBCT( ultra-low dose) scans and Digital panoramic radiography.

IANB Success Rate With and Without Panoramic Help

Since it is difficult to achieve anesthesia in lower jaw and the success rate of IANB is low and there are a lot of anatomic variations for the location of inferior alveolar nerve in diffe...

An Evaluation of Root Length Measurements Using Intraoral Scan and Panoramic Radiographs

This study will attempt to validate a method of estimating root length on panoramic radiograph by crown measurement on intraoral digital scans.

Clinical Evaluation of Working Length Determination by Electronic Apex-Locator or Radiography on Adequacy of Final Working Length

Accurate length determination of root canal is essential in root canal therapy. Radiography has been the conventional method for this measurement but recently several in-vitro studies have...

Cone Beam Computed Tomography Versus Intraoral Digital Radiography in Detection and Measurements of Simulated Periodontal Bone Defects

The selection of a regenerative approach is primarily based on the configuration of the intrabony defect and esthetic risk of treatment. Accurate diagnosis of periodontal bone defects, suc...

PubMed Articles [3883 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Dynamic focal plane estimation for dental panoramic radiography.

The digital panoramic radiography is widely used in dental clinics and provides the anatomical information of the intraoral structure along the predefined arc-shaped path. Since the intraoral structur...

Measuring the dose-width product and proposing the local diagnostic reference level in panoramic dental radiography: a multi-center study from Iran.

Although radiation exposure associated with dental radiography is relatively low, patient exposure must be kept practically low. Therefore, it is necessary for each country to establish its own diagno...

The comparison of panoramic radiography and cone-beam computed tomography for detection of tonsilloliths.

A tonsillolith is a concretion of the tonsillar crypt. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare panoramic radiography (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for detection of tonsillol...

A technique for spatial resolution improvement in helium-beam radiography.

Ion-beam radiography exhibits a significantly lower spatial resolution (SR) compared to X-ray radiography. This is mostly due the multiple Coulomb scattering (MCS) that the ions undergo in the imaged ...

Reproducibility of Subtraction Radiography in Monitoring Changes in Approximal Carious Lesions in Children: An In Vivo Study.

Laboratory studies have shown that digital subtraction radiography (DSR) can be a more effective tool, than conventional radiography, in monitoring changes in carious lesions. The clinical performance...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.

Physicians specializing in MEDICAL ONCOLOGY or its sub-specialties of RADIATION ONCOLOGY or SURGICAL ONCOLOGY.

A subspecialty of medical oncology and radiology concerned with the radiotherapy of cancer.

A specialty which deals with the interrelationship of physical, psychological, social, behavioral, and ethical aspects of cancer. Psycho-oncology examines the behavioral and psychosocial factors that may influence the course of the disease, cancer risk, prevention, and detection.

A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)

More From BioPortfolio on "Evaluating Radiomorphometric Indices and Fractal Dimension of the Pediatric Oncology Patients on Panoramic Images"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Cancer
  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...

Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...


Searches Linking to this Trial