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The zygomatic bone defines the anterior and lateral projection of the face and articulates with the frontal, sphenoid,temporal, and maxillary bones. The zygomatic complex is responsible for the protection of the orbital contents and the mid-facial contour. Fracture of the zygomatic complex is one of the most common facial injuries in maxillofacial trauma and predominately appears in young adult males. The etiology of zygomatic complex fractures primarily includes road traffic accidents, violent assaults, falls and sports injuries. The main clinical features of zygomatic complex fractures include diplopia, enophthalmos, subconjunctival ecchymosis, extraocular muscle entrapment, cosmetic deformity with depression of the malar eminence, malocclusion and neurosensory disturbances of the infraorbital nerve. Diagnosis of zygomatic complex fractures is usually clinical with confirmation by computed tomography (CT) scan. Zygomatic complex fractures with no or minimal displacement are often treated without surgical intervention, whereas fractures with functional or esthetic impairments often necessitate surgical intervention. Various surgical approaches and treatment strategies have been proposed to obtain successful treatment outcome, including the Gilles temporal approach, eyebrow, upper eyelid, transconjunctival, infraciliary lower eyelid, and intraoral vestibular approaches. The surgical approach for adequate reduction of zygomatic complex fractures must ensure a good functional and cosmetic result. Surgical reduction of zygomatic fractures by an intraoral surgical approach was first described in1909 by Keen, and several studies have subsequently documented the treatment outcome after open reduction of zygomatic complex fractures by an intraoral surgical approach.
This study is a prospective clinical intervention study where the admitted patients do lab investigation as CBC, coagulation profile ,Kidney function test and Imaging as CT maxillofacial with axial and coronal cuts. Patients will be assigned randomly into either one of the two groups under the study using concealed envelope. Under general anaesthesia with oral or naso-tracheal intubation, open reduction and internal fixation of tripod zygomatic fractures will be done using miniplates and screws at one point (zygomaticomaxillary area) or at two points (zygomaticomaxillary and frontozygomatic areas).
Assessment of Proper Union of Fractures
fixation of tripodal zygomatic fractures
Not yet recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-01-07T08:31:55-0500
Patients with unilateral non-comminuted zygomatic complex fracture undergo fixation of the complex by a customized plate at one point after 3D virtual simulation and reduction of the compl...
Many studies show that computer-assisted navigation system have been available to treat zygomatic-complex fractures. However, most of them are case reports or clinical experiences lacking ...
The incidence of olecranon fractures is 12 per 100.000. Traditionally, isolated olecranon fractures have been treated with tension band wiring (TBW). There is a trend towards increased use...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the rate of fracture healing and fracture union, repaired with the LISS device, will be as good as or better than the usual fracture fixat...
Purpose The purpose of this study is to compare the clinical outcome and the rate of reoperations in a cohort of patients with undisplaced femoral neck fractures treated with internal fixa...
Internal rigid fixation is the gold-standard treatment for facial fractures, but there are some specific cases that are more amenable to external fixation (ex-fix) application. Herein, we discuss adva...
Although mid-shaft clavicular fractures are generally thought to be non-serious injuries that nearly always heal with non-operative treatment, recent studies found non-union rates of 3%-7% in simple f...
The fixation of unstable zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) fractures can be achieved by open reduction with rigid internal fixation (ORIF) and/or by closed reduction with percutaneous transfacial Kirs...
Tibial fractures are devastating injuries and a cause of significant morbidity. There is limited information describing the length of time it takes for these injuries to heal. The aim of this study wa...
Fractures of the base of the fifth metatarsal bone present one of the commonest fractures of the metatarsal bones. Conventionally intramedullary screws and tension band wiring have been used as intern...
Fractures of the zygoma.
Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
Crumbling or smashing of cancellous BONE by forces acting parallel to the long axis of bone. It is applied particularly to vertebral body fractures (SPINAL FRACTURES). (Blauvelt and Nelson, A Manual of Orthopedic Terminology, 1994, p4)
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Arthroplasty Joint Disorders Orthopedics Spinal Cord Disorders Orthopedics is the science or practice of correcting deformities caused by disease or damage to the bones and joints of the skeleton. This specialized branch of surgery may ...
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....