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Effect of Ocrelizumab on Neuroinflammation in Multiple Sclerosis as Measured by 11C-PBR28 MR-PET Imaging of Microglia Activation

2020-01-22 12:12:55 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Using magnetic resonance-PET (MR-PET) imaging with [11C]PBR28, a second-generation 18kDa translocator protein (TSPO) radiotracer, we have previously demonstrated abnormally high TSPO expression, indicative of microglia activation, across different brain tissue compartments of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients1.

In this study, we propose to study the efficacy of ocrelizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody that has been shown to decrease neuroinflammation in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.

We will test these effects by studying a cohort of 24 MS patients (12 RRMS, 12 progressive MS). Participants will be studied before (within 3 months prior to initiating treatment) and after treatment with ocrelizumab (~12 month follow up), a therapeutic drug that will be part of their standard medical care. We will use [11C]PBR28 to help determine changes in neuroinflammation.

The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of ocrelizumab treatment on neuroinflammation by analyzing the uptake and distribution of [11C]PBR28 in individuals with multiple sclerosis. The specific aims of the current study are:

1. To assess whether treatment with ocrelizumab in subjects with either relapsing-remitting MS or progressive MS is associated with decreased [11C]PBR28 binding in the cortex and white matter (lesions and normal appearing white matter), suggesting reduced neuroinflammation.

2. To assess whether changes in neuroinflammation under ocrelizumab treatment, as measured by [11C]PBR28 uptake at 12-month follow up relative to baseline, are associated with changes in structural MR metrics of brain tissue damage including white matter lesion load, cortical atrophy, and demyelination in the cortex and in the normal-appearing white matter as measured by magnetization transfer ratio (MTR).

3. To explore whether changes in functional and structural imaging metrics under ocrelizumab are associated with changes in clinical outcome measures.

Study Design

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis

Intervention

11C-PBR28

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Massachusetts General Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-01-22T12:12:55-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

Multiple protein bands serving as markers of specific ANTIBODIES and detected by ELECTROPHORESIS of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID or serum. The bands are most often seen during inflammatory or immune processes and are found in most patients with MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.

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