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Prospective, Observational Real-world Treatments of AEDH in Large-scale Surgical Cases

2020-01-22 12:12:56 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a multicenter, prospective, and observational real-world study aimed at investigating the current situation of surgical treatments and prognosis for acute epidural hematoma in China, and analyzing the optimization of therapy.

Description

The incidence of Acute Epidural Hematoma (AEDH) among traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients has been reported to be in the range of 2.7 to 4%. The mortality in patients in all age groups and GCS scores undergoing surgery for evacuation of EDH is approximately 10%.

Most people with EDH are generally expected to have a good clinical outcome with the prompt and correct treatment. However, AEDH still represents a potentially life-threatening condition when a local mass effect exists due to rapidly elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) resulted from the rapid build-up of blood. Brain hernia and cerebral infarction might occur and lead to a terrible clinical outcome. In addition, there is a set of patients who experience clinical deterioration after an initial hematoma-evacuation craniotomy because of secondary brain injuries, including massive cerebral infarction (MCI), additional decompressive craniectomy is recommended as soon as possible.

Although DC can reduce the morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients with a sTBI, the removal of the bone flap is not necessary for the majority of patients with AEDH, because of the relatively low incidence of MCI secondary to AEDH. Recommendations indicated an epidural hematoma greater than 30 ml should be surgically evacuated regardless of the patient's GCS score. Although craniotomy provides a complete evacuation to remove the clot of the hematoma, there are insufficient data to support a specific surgical treatment method. The choice of operative technique is influenced by the surgeon's expertise, training, and evaluation of a particular situation. Therefore, there is a clinical rationale for investigating the current status of surgical treatments and prognosis for AEDH, thereby providing a reliable reference for the optimization of therapy.

Study Design

Conditions

Epidural Hematoma

Location

Department of Neurosurgery, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Shanghai
Shanghai
China

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

RenJi Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-01-22T12:12:56-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A rare epidural hematoma in the spinal epidural space, usually due to a vascular malformation (CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM VASCULAR MALFORMATIONS) or TRAUMA. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a neurologic emergency due to a rapidly evolving compressive MYELOPATHY.

Accumulation of blood in the EPIDURAL SPACE between the SKULL and the DURA MATER, often as a result of bleeding from the MENINGEAL ARTERIES associated with a temporal or parietal bone fracture. Epidural hematoma tends to expand rapidly, compressing the dura and underlying brain. Clinical features may include HEADACHE; VOMITING; HEMIPARESIS; and impaired mental function.

The injection of autologous blood into the epidural space either as a prophylactic treatment immediately following an epidural puncture or for treatment of headache as a result of an epidural puncture.

Bleeding within the SKULL, including hemorrhages in the brain and the three membranes of MENINGES. The escape of blood often leads to the formation of HEMATOMA in the cranial epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid spaces.

The relief of pain without loss of consciousness through the introduction of an analgesic agent into the epidural space of the vertebral canal. It is differentiated from ANESTHESIA, EPIDURAL which refers to the state of insensitivity to sensation.

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