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Chinese Chronic Renal Insufficiency Study: Based on Smartphone Platform

2020-01-22 12:12:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a multi-center prospective cohort study. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between bone metabolic markers and other non-traditional risk factors with kidney function progression, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and bone loss in patients with CKD G3-5ND. In the meantime, this study is to explore a new mode of management and complication monitoring through mobile communication in chronic kidney disease patients.

Description

Abnormal mineral bone metabolism of chronic kidney disease (CKD-MBD) is the most common complication of CKD. It involves kidney, bone metabolism, parathyroid gland, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular organs. It is an independent risk factor for progression of CKD to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), vascular and cardiac valve calcification, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. However, less data concerning the relationship between bone metabolic index, such as high blood phosphorus and cardiovascular diseases, bone mass reduction and fracture is available in Chinese adult patients. This study is a multi-center prospective cohort study to explore the relationship between bone metabolic markers and other non-traditional risk factors with renal function progression, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and bone loss in patients with CKD G3-5ND. Based on the sample size estimation, 3360 subjects should be enrolled in this study. The primary outcome is progression to ESRD (start dialysis or kidney transplantation) or doubling of serum creatinine, as well as cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality.

At present, the follow-up and the management of complications of CKD patients are not enough. The popularity of mobile communication in China provide the possibility to strengthen the follow-up and complications management in CKD patients and save human resources. This study is to explore a new mode of collecting datas through mobile communication in chronic kidney disease patients.

Study Design

Conditions

Chronic Kidney Diseases

Location

Peking Union Medical College Hospital
Beijing
Beijing
China
100730

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Peking Union Medical College Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-01-22T12:12:59-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal enlargement or swelling of a KIDNEY due to dilation of the KIDNEY CALICES and the KIDNEY PELVIS. It is often associated with obstruction of the URETER or chronic kidney diseases that prevents normal drainage of urine into the URINARY BLADDER.

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level for more than three months. Chronic kidney insufficiency is classified by five stages according to the decline in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE and the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA). The most severe form is the end-stage renal disease (CHRONIC KIDNEY FAILURE). (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002)

Decalcification of bone or abnormal bone development due to chronic KIDNEY DISEASES, in which 1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3 synthesis by the kidneys is impaired, leading to reduced negative feedback on PARATHYROID HORMONE. The resulting SECONDARY HYPERPARATHYROIDISM eventually leads to bone disorders.

A complication of kidney diseases characterized by cell death involving KIDNEY PAPILLA in the KIDNEY MEDULLA. Damages to this area may hinder the kidney to concentrate urine resulting in POLYURIA. Sloughed off necrotic tissue may block KIDNEY PELVIS or URETER. Necrosis of multiple renal papillae can lead to KIDNEY FAILURE.

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