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The primary objective is to evaluate the effect of clonidine on the duration of analgesia provided by a high volume-low concentration caudal block for pediatric aurgical procedres. In addition, caudal clonidine's effect on length of recovery and post-operative emergence agitation will be measured.
High Volume-Low Concentration without Clonidine, High Volume-Low Concentration with clonidine
Medical University of South Carolina
Not yet recruiting
Medical University of South Carolina
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-16T17:41:18-0500
The quadratus lumborum has since 2016 become standard of care for abdominal and retroperitoneal surgeries at UPMC-Shadyside Hospital, replacing paravertebral blocks, and as part of a broad...
Volume Versus Concentration: Clinical Effectiveness of Single Shot Quadrates Lumborum Block Using Either a High Volume/Low Concentration or Low Volume/High Concentration Injectate for Total Hip Arthroplasty.
There is Controversy about what is more critical volume or concentration to achieve an optimum analgesic treatment with quadratus lumborum block. From the experiences of the authors, the r...
In a randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial, 48 patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty with placement of an intracapsular catheter will be randomized to receive bolus injection...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of epinastine nasal spray compared to placebo for the treatment of subjects with seasonal allergic rhinitis
High Tidal volume is one of the main mechanisms that lead to lung injuries under mechanical ventilation (ventilator induced lung injury: VILI). It could also induce lung damage during spon...
Crystalloid-type solutions are currently recommended for volume resuscitation. Although historically considered as « physiological saline », NaCl 0.9 % has a high concentration of sodium and c...
The increased experience of a thyroid surgeon reduces the risk of postoperative complications. However, whether it is also cost-effective is currently unknown. The aim of the present study was to comp...
Esophagogastric cancer (EGC) is one of the deadliest and costliest malignancies to treat. Care by high-volume providers can provide better outcomes for patients with EGC. Cost implications of volume-b...
The purpose of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of baicalin after intravenous and intramuscular administration of sodium baicalin at 50 mg/kg to piglets. Plasma baicalin levels were d...
High volume shunt flow after arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis can cause high-output heart failure. We used the Frame™ (Vascular Graft Solutions Ltd., Tel Aviv, Israel) external support, ...
Method for determining the circulating blood volume by introducing a known quantity of foreign substance into the blood and determining its concentration some minutes later when thorough mixing has occurred. From these two values the blood volume can be calculated by dividing the quantity of injected material by its concentration in the blood at the time of uniform mixing. Generally expressed as cubic centimeters or liters per kilogram of body weight.
ERYTHROCYTE size and HEMOGLOBIN content or concentration, usually derived from ERYTHROCYTE COUNT; BLOOD hemoglobin concentration; and HEMATOCRIT. The indices include the mean corpuscular volume (MCV), the mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC).
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
The volume of packed RED BLOOD CELLS in a blood specimen. The volume is measured by centrifugation in a tube with graduated markings, or with automated blood cell counters. It is an indicator of erythrocyte status in disease. For example, ANEMIA shows a low value; POLYCYTHEMIA, a high value.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...