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The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and maximum effective dose (MED) of Interleukin-2 in subjects with moderate-to-severe crohn's disease.
Despite recent advances in treatment, a significant proportion of patients with Crohn's disease have suboptimal responses to medical therapy, leaving an urgent need to identify new therapies. One promising new approach to trea t IBD is through the manipulation of regulatory T cells (Tregs). Tregs are an immune modulating subset of CD4+ lymphocytes that antagonize the activation and effector function of multiple immune cell types and promote tolerance to self-antigens. Adoptively transferred Tregs are effective in murine models of IBD. An alternative approach to disease management through Treg manipulation is to increase Treg numbers in vivo. Interleukin-2 (IL-2, Proleukin®) is a T cell growth factor. IL-2 is currently licensed for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma and metastatic melanoma. At low doses, IL-2 promotes the selective activation and expansion of Tregs in humans. Tregs constitutively express CD25, a component of the high-affinity IL-2R, while CD25 is only transiently expressed by activated conventional T effector cells. Low-dose (LD) IL-2 selectively expands Tregs in humans and is safe in chronic GvHD and other phase 1 and 2 clinical trials.
This is a phase 1b/2a clinical trial to assess the safety and the efficacy of LD SC IL-2 for the treatment of CD utlizing daily sc LD IL-2 for 8 weeks in CD patients to determine the maximum effective dose (MED) and safety profile, and to assess a signal of efficacy. We aim to determine in CD patients whether sc LD IL-2 modulates peripheral blood and lamina propria Tregs in vivo and correlates with clinical outcome. We will perform deep immunophenotyping in CD patients treated with LD IL-2 and comprehensively assess the effects of LD IL-2 on CD4+ Tregs and other immune cells in both peripheral and mucosal compartments, and correlate changes in immune phenotype with clinical outcome. Overall this trial is designed to determine the MED and safety profile of LD IL-2 in CD, to obtain a signal of efficacy, and to assess mechanistic underpinnings.
Boston Children's Hospital
Not yet recruiting
Boston Children’s Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-16T17:41:11-0500
To compare the effects of low-dose versus high-dose subcutaneous ( SC ) aldesleukin ( interleukin-2; IL-2 ) on immunologic and virologic markers in HIV-infected patients. To compare the ef...
The purpose of this study is to assess the activity of multiple doses of oral rhIL-11 in patients with active Crohn’s disease (Crohn’s Disease Activity Index [CDAI] score from 220-400)...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of short cycles of recombinant interleukin-2 (also known as rIL-2 or aldesleukin) given with or without anti-HIV drugs in HIV infected ...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Combining interleukin-2 with interleukin-12 may kill more tumor cells....
The main purpose of this study is to see if a drug called aldesleukin, can preserve insulin production in children and young adults recently diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. One group will...
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a debilitating skin condition whose pathogenesis is poorly understood, although interleukin (IL)-23 may play a role. IL-23 is also implicated in the pathogenesis of Cr...
Patients with Crohn's disease undergoing ileocolectomy and primary anastomosis are often at increased risk of anastomotic leak. We aimed to determine whether diverting ileostomy was protective against...
It is well known that Crohn's disease is a risk factor for the development of small bowel adenocarcinoma. However, the association between Crohn's disease-associated small bowel adenocarcinoma and sur...
Mucosal healing is important in Crohn's disease therapies. Epithelial homeostasis becomes dysregulated in Crohn's, with increased permeability, inflammation, and diarrhoea. MicroRNAs are small non-cod...
Crohn's disease (CD) can involve any part of the gastrointestinal tract. We aimed to characterize clinical, endoscopic, histologic features and treatment outcomes of CD patients with oesophageal invol...
A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
A condition characterized by persistent or recurrent labial enlargement, ORAL ULCER, and other orofacial manifestations in the absence of identifiable CROHN DISEASE; or SARCOIDOSIS. There is no consensus on whether orofacial granulomatosis is a distinct clinical disorder or an initial presentation of Crohn disease.
An interleukin receptor subunit that was originally discovered as a component of the INTERLEUKIN 2 RECEPTOR. It was subsequently found to be a component of several other receptors including the INTERLEUKIN 4 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN 7 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-9 RECEPTOR, the INTERLEUKIN-15 RECEPTOR, and the INTERLEUKIN-21 RECEPTOR. Mutations in the gene for the interleukin common gamma chain have been associated with X-LINKED COMBINED IMMUNODEFICIENCY DISEASES.
Cell surface receptors for INTERLEUKIN-13. Included under this heading are the INTERLEUKIN-13 RECEPTOR ALPHA2 which is a monomeric receptor and the INTERLEUKIN-4 RECEPTOR TYPE II which has specificity for both INTERLEUKIN-4 and INTERLEUKIN-13.
A cytokine subunit that is a component of both interleukin-12 and interleukin-23. It binds to the INTERLEUKIN-12 SUBUNIT P35 via a disulfide bond to form interleukin-12 and to INTERLEUKIN-23 SUBUNIT P19 to form interleukin-23.
Crohn's Disease (CD)
Crohn’s disease (CD) is a long-term condition that causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive system. Inflammation can affect any part of the digestive system, from the mouth to the back passage, but most commonly occurs in the last s...
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...