Topics

Changes in Brain Function Through Repeated Emotion Regulation Training

2020-02-16 17:40:49 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a pilot study that will investigate how two psychotherapies (re-interpretation and mindfulness) alter brain function. This information will be used to gain understanding of how repeated emotion regulation practices influence the brain and to develop a focused, tactic-based emotional regulation remediation approach for treatment of ADHD.

Description

The goal of this pilot study is to collect preliminary data that will allow the investigators to formulate theories about ER-related brain function change during intervention-like training that will be tested in larger, externally-funded grant proposals submitted to the National Institutes of Health. The investigators are not especially interested in any existing specific, manualized therapeutic technique. Existing ER-based psychotherapies typically incorporate a variety of related interventions, not all of which focus on the ER component itself. Instead, the investigators will focus on the "building blocks" of such therapies, i.e., the ER interventions themselves and their effect on negative emotional reactions. Here, the investigators ask a specific question - How does ER-elicited brain function change with repeated sessions of guided practice of various ER techniques? In other words, does increasing familiarity or mastery of ER skills through practice change brain function, and how? There are logical hypotheses about the likely nature of brain function changes that can be gleaned from prior neuroimaging research. For instance, if prefrontal cortex activation is important to ER, perhaps practice simply increases such activation. However, pilot work for the current NIMH R01 suggests instead that ER practice might work by enhancing the functional integration among key frontolimbic regions. Complicating such hypotheses is the recognition that different ER tactics engage many distinct brain regions depending on which approach is employed. So a participant's individual brain function differences prior to ER training might be a potent determinant for what sorts of neural changes result from repeated practice. Because all these issues must be evaluated through the lens of a preliminary study before any coherent theoretical model can be formulated, a pilot study is proposed here. Not only will this provide empirical data upon which to base future research, conducting such a pilot will showcase any methodological hurdles or challenges that need to be overcome in order to successfully conduct a larger-scale study.

Study Design

Conditions

Depression

Intervention

Cognitive Behavioral Training, Mindfulness

Location

Institute of Living/Hartford Hospital
Hartford
Connecticut
United States
06106

Status

Recruiting

Source

Hartford Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-16T17:40:49-0500

Clinical Trials [6148 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Mechanisms of Mindfulness-based Interventions

Mindfulness-based Interventions (MBIs) are a family of standardized cognitive and behavioral therapies that focus on cultivating mindfulness-related skills for improving maladaptive cognit...

Smoking Cessation Behavioral Treatment Study

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two behavioral interventions on smoking behavior - Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement (MORE) and Cognitive Behavioral T...

e-Mindfulness for Depression

This clinical trial will test whether depression symptoms and cognitive functioning are impacted by internet-delivered mindfulness training following the principles of mindfulness meditati...

Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy for Chronic Depression

The propose of the study is to investigate the efficacy of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT, Segal, Williams & Teasdale, 2002) for patients suffering from Chronic Major Depression...

Third Generation Cognitive Behavioural Therapy vs Treatment-as-usual for ADHD

The investigators hypothesize that the mindfulness Cognitive Behavioral Therapy program will lead to a reduction in attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder symptoms, anxiety and depre...

PubMed Articles [11234 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Brief mindfulness, mental health, and cognitive processes: A randomized controlled trial.

The present study evaluated the impact of a brief mindfulness training program on emotional regulation, cognitive rumination, psychological well-being, and depressive symptoms. This is an experimental...

Brief mindfulness training enhances cognitive control in socioemotional contexts: Behavioral and neural evidence.

In social contexts, the dynamic nature of others' emotions places unique demands on attention and emotion regulation. Mindfulness, characterized by heightened and receptive moment-to-moment attending,...

The associations of dispositional mindfulness, self-compassion, and reappraisal with symptoms of depression and anxiety among a sample of Indigenous students in Canada.

Depression and anxiety are major concerns among students. Unfortunately, there are disparities between the mental health of majority culture students (White; Judeo-Christian) and that of Indigenous st...

An Eight-Week, Web-Based Mindfulness Virtual Community Intervention for Students' Mental Health: Randomized Controlled Trial.

Innovative interventions are needed to address the increasing mental health needs of university students. Given the demonstrated anxiolytic and antidepressant benefits of mindfulness training, we deve...

Added value of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Depression: A Tree-based Qualitative Interaction Analysis.

To identify moderators of treatment effect for Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU) in depressed patients.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Contextually focused form of cognitive behavioral psychotherapy that uses MINDFULNESS and behavioral activation to increase patients' psychological flexibility in areas such as ability to engage in values-based, positive behaviors while experiencing difficult thoughts, emotions, or sensations.

A psychological state of awareness, the practices that promote this awareness, a mode of processing information and a character trait. As a therapy mindfulness is defined as a moment-to-moment awareness of one's experience without judgment and as a state and not a trait.

A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.

Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.

Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)

More From BioPortfolio on "Changes in Brain Function Through Repeated Emotion Regulation Training"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Psychiatry
Psychiatry is the study of mental disorders and their diagnosis, management and prevention.  Conditions include schizophrenia, severe depression and panic disorders among others. There are pharmaceutical treatments as well as other therapies to help...

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...


Searches Linking to this Trial