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The object of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of extended letrozole co-treatment with GnRH-antagonist protocol in ovarian stimulation of poor responder patients undergoing IVF-ET.
Poor response to controlled ovarian stimulation (COH) is estimated to occur in 9-24 % of all IVF cycles. Although there is no consensus on the definition of poor response to COH, inability to produce adequate number of mature follicles( ≤ 2-5) or to recruit adequate number of oocytes ( ≤ 3 oocytes ) in response to standard stimulation protocols are the main criteria used for diagnosis of poor responders .
Patients with poor response to COH usually have higher cyclical cancelation rate , poor embryo quality and less number of embryos suitable for transfer or cryopreservation .
During the past decade gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonists (GnRHant) were widely used in the treatment of patients with poor response to standard gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) protocols .In contrast to GnRHa, GnRHant is administered at the late follicular phase and therefore don't suppress the early follicular phase endogenous gonadotropins and has no suppressive effect on ovarian function at the stage of follicular recruitment.Several studies comparing GnRHant protocol with the standard GnRHa long protocol revealed a reduction in the duration of stimulation , dose of required gonadotropins , and the costs of IVF cycle with GnRHant as well as equivalent pregnancy rates .
In 2001, Mitwally and Casper introduced letrozole ( a third generation non steroidal aromatase inhibitor licensed for treatment of hormonally-responsive breast cancer after surgery ) as new ovulation induction agent in clomiphene citrate resistant patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) . Subsequent studies confirmed the effectiveness of letrozole in induction of ovulation in women with PCOS and in superovulation (either alone or in combination with gonadotropins ) .
In patients with poor response undergoing IVF, several studies revealed that the combination of letrozole ( 2.5 mg or 5 mg/day for 5 consecutive days in early follicular phase ) with GnRHant protocol improved the ovarian response and reduced the gonadotrophin dose required. On the other hand , Schoolcraft et al reported that letrozole(2.5 mg/day from cycle day 3 to 7)/GnRHant protocol has no advantages over microdose flare GnRHa protocol.
The ideal dose and duration of letrozole administration for ovulation and superovulation is still not clear. Several studies comparing two doses of letrozole (2.5 mg or 5 mg) in superovulation suggested that the higher dose might be associated with more follicles developing.
In almost all studies to date , letrozole was administered for five consecutive days in early follicular phase . In only one study , letrozole (2.5 mg/day) was administered for ten consecutive days starting on day 1 of menstrual cycle . In that study , prolonged administration of letrozole produced more mature follicles and pregnancies than short letrozole therapy regimen in patients with clomiphene citrate resistant polycystic ovary syndrome .
The investigators designed this randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of extended letrozole co-treatment with GnRH-antagonist protocol in ovarian stimulation of poor responder patients undergoing IVF-ET
GnRH ant/letrozole, GnRH ant
Obstetrics &Gynecology Department , Faculty of medicine ,Cairo university
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-19T18:28:39-0500
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A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
A genetically heterogeneous disorder caused by hypothalamic GNRH deficiency and OLFACTORY NERVE defects. It is characterized by congenital HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM and ANOSMIA, possibly with additional midline defects. It can be transmitted as an X-linked (GENETIC DISEASES, X-LINKED), an autosomal dominant, or an autosomal recessive trait.
Receptors with a 6-kDa protein on the surfaces of cells that secrete LUTEINIZING HORMONE or FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE, usually in the adenohypophysis. LUTEINIZING HORMONE-RELEASING HORMONE binds to these receptors, is endocytosed with the receptor and, in the cell, triggers the release of LUTEINIZING HORMONE or FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE by the cell. These receptors are also found in rat gonads. INHIBINS prevent the binding of GnRH to its receptors.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
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