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Trial of IV vs Oral Iron Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in the Post-Operative Bariatric Surgical Patient

2020-02-19 18:28:40 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Given the limited long-term effectiveness of traditional weight loss methods, bariatric surgery is increasingly becoming the preferred option for sustained weight loss. With the ascendancy of the laparoscopic approach, the two most common procedures are the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and the vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG).

Because bariatric surgery decreases nutrient intake through restriction, malabsorption, or both, and given that obese patients are often malnourished even before surgery, postoperative micronutrient deficiency, particularly of iron, can be a serious complication and difficult to treat. Iron deficiency anemia has been reported to be as high as 49% in the post-bariatric surgical patient.

The current standard for correcting iron deficiency anemia in the post-operative bariatric surgical patient is oral iron supplements. However, oral iron therapy is known for its caustic effects on the gastric mucosa causing gastric irritation, nausea, epigastric discomfort and constipation. These debilitating symptoms lead to poor adherence and lower long and short-term efficacy. Furthermore, iron absorption from oral iron supplements when taken with food in patients with low iron stores ranges from 2 to 13% and without food 5 to 28%. An alternative and more effective method of iron replenishment is the use of intravenous iron. A litany of published trials, without contradiction, show marked superiority of intravenous iron in improving hemoglobin concentrations and iron parameters when compared to historical controls. Nonetheless, the current recommendations of the American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery nutritional guidelines, state that oral iron supplementation for IDA is the recommended first line of treatment. Studies are lacking that compare the efficacy of oral versus intravenous (IV) iron therapy for the treatment of IDA in the post-bariatric surgical patient.

The aim of our study is to compare two accepted treatments for iron deficiency anemia (oral ferrous sulfate and intravenous ferumoxytol) for efficacy and speed of response in the treatment of IDA in the post-operative bariatric surgical patient. In this study, 104 bariatric surgical post-operative patients will be randomly assigned 52 each to oral or 52 to a single dose IV iron treatment using double-blind procedures.

The primary outcome will be determined at 6 weeks of treatment with a follow-up at 12 months after treatment. Non-responders at 6 weeks after treatment may, if they qualify (based on inclusion/exclusion criteria), have an open-label IV iron treatment and will be followed with the same evaluations used after the first IV iron treatments.

Study Design

Conditions

Iron Deficiency Anemia

Intervention

Ferumoxytol, Saline, Ferrous sulfate tablets, Vitamin C

Location

Auerbach Hematology and Oncology
Baltimore
Maryland
United States
21237

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Auerbach Hematology Oncology Associates P C

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-19T18:28:40-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)

Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)

A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)

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