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Bisphenol and Phthalate Exposures in Triple Negative Breast Cancer

2020-02-19 18:28:41 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In this observational pilot study urine samples will be collected from women receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy with doxorubicin for triple negative breast cancer to determine whether: 1) exposures bisphenol and phthalate levels change over the course of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and 2) levels differ between black women and those of other racial groups.

The hypothesis is that bisphenol and phthalate levels will be similar to those of the general US female population at the time of diagnosis, however levels will increase during treatment due to exposure to plastics in the medical setting. The investigators also hypothesize that because of differences in personal care product use, black women may have higher urinary levels of bisphenols and phthalates prior to starting chemotherapy.

Description

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast cancer subtype that does not express estrogen, progesterone, or the human epidermal growth factor (HER2/neu) receptors, and has a low overall survival rate compared to other types of breast cancer.

Unlike hormone and HER2/neu positive breast cancers, targeted therapies are not available for TNBC. Thus, the systemic chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin is widely used for the treatment of TNBC. However, doxorubicin resistance is common, and leads to poorer treatment outcomes.

Understanding factors that contribute to doxorubicin resistance is critical to improving cancer treatment outcomes among women with TNBC. Pre-clinical in vitro studies indicate that exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, such as bisphenols and phthalates, contribute to doxorubicin resistance, but these findings have not been evaluated in humans.

Study Design

Conditions

Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Intervention

urine collection

Location

Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University
Washington
District of Columbia
United States
20052

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

George Washington University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-19T18:28:41-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Breast neoplasms that do not express ESTROGEN RECEPTORS; PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS; and do not overexpress the NEU RECEPTOR/HER-2 PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN.

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

Methods or procedures used to obtain samples of URINE.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

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