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Caudal Epidural Block Versus Ultrasound‐Guided Pudendal Nerve Block for Pediatric Circumcision

2020-02-19 18:28:44 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The regional anesthesia methods of caudal epidural block (CEB) and dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) play an important role in providing postoperative pain control in pediatric circumcision surgery. However, the short-term postoperative analgesic effect and the risk of block failure limit the use of DPNB, a peripheral nerve block.

Description

CEB is a neuraxial block and commonly used to control moderate and severe postoperative pain following surgery related to the lumbosacral and midthoracic dermatomes. CEB can have serious undesirable complications such as intravascular and subarachnoid injection, urinary retention and motor block. Pudendal nerve block can be used as an alternative to both DPNB and CEB for penile surgery such as circumcision. The pudendal nerve is a peripheral nerve combining the anterior rami of the sacral plexus nerves (S2-S4) and provides motor and sensory innervation to the perineal region.

Study Design

Conditions

Circumcision

Intervention

Caudal epidural block group, Pudendal nerve block group

Location

Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital
Istanbul
Şişli
Turkey
34384

Status

Completed

Source

Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-19T18:28:44-0500

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.

Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.

A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).

A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)

Mechanical compression of nerves or nerve roots from internal or external causes. These may result in a conduction block to nerve impulses (due to MYELIN SHEATH dysfunction) or axonal loss. The nerve and nerve sheath injuries may be caused by ISCHEMIA; INFLAMMATION; or a direct mechanical effect.

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