Fertility Preservation in Male AYA With Cancer

2020-02-17 18:20:53 | BioPortfolio


Very little is known about how medical providers can help adolescent and young adults (AYAs) and their caregivers make decisions about fertility preservation (sperm banking) before beginning cancer treatment. The purpose of this study is to see if having a guided conversation about fertility preservation increases preservation rates and/or satisfaction with the decision among AYA males with cancer. The primary hypothesis is that compared to standard of care control group (routine fertility consult at diagnosis, n=20), AYAs in the intervention arm (routine fertility consult at diagnosis + FP Decision Tool and Facilitated Conversation by trained interventionist) will have higher rates of FP uptake. The secondary hypotheses are that families in the intervention group will report better FP decision quality and report improvements in family communication, compared to those in the control arm.


A rapidly growing population of male childhood cancer survivors are at risk for infertility and distress. As the number of male cancer survivors rises, it is essential to minimize treatment late effects. One of the most prevalent and significant complications among males is infertility, which can impair psychosocial development and reduce quality of life. National guidelines emphasize offering fertility preservation (FP) prior to initiation of cancer therapy, and sperm cryopreservation is an established and generally noninvasive FP method for pubertal males. Early research suggested only males receiving high doses of alkylating agents should bank sperm. However, variable sperm counts following equivalent doses of cyclophosphamide and scenarios in which patients have to move quickly from "low risk" treatments (which transiently impair sperm production) to "high risk" treatments, support the premise that all males receiving chemotherapy and/or gonadal radiation should consider FP at diagnosis. Despite studies showing ~50% of male childhood cancer survivors have fertility impairment, reports from many centers show only ~25% of pubertal males bank sperm prior to treatment. As survivors enter their reproductive years, many regret missed opportunities for FP and experience distress about potential infertility. Thus, interventions to improve FP uptake would have great potential for reproductive and psychological benefit.

Individual and family factors associated with sperm banking decisions remain poorly understood. Young age, cost, inadequate knowledge, and urgency to start treatment are common barriers to FP among AYA males with newly diagnosed cancer. As a result, most fertility counseling and FP interventions have targeted healthcare providers and systems or provider-patient interactions. While these are critical factors, less than half of male AYA advised about FP in a recent study actually banked sperm, indicating knowledge is not sufficient.

The purpose of this study is to test a decision tool and accompanying guided discussion as a method of improving decision making regarding FP, compared to a standard of care fertility consult.

Study Design


Infertility, Male


FP Decision Tool and Discussion


Nationwide Children's Hospital
United States


Not yet recruiting


Nationwide Children's Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-02-17T18:20:53-0500

Clinical Trials [1745 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Vitamin D Level vs Semen Parameters

- Infertility is defined as the inability of a sexually active couple to conceive after 1 year of regular intercourse without contraception, affects approximately 15% of couples...

Shared Decision Making and How It Impacts the Patient Understanding

Shared Decision Making (SDM) supports patient centered care and improves patient outcomes and satisfaction. Movement is Life (MIL) created an innovative SDM tool to provide a personalized ...

Spermotrend in the Treatment of Male Infertility

The purpose of this study is to determine whether the administration of the dietary supplement Spermotrend improves spermatogenesis parameters in subjects with male infertility unrelated t...

Understanding Adaptive Challenges Associated With Male-factor Infertility

The purpose of this study is to understand the experience of men and their partners when diagnosed with male-factor infertility while trying to achieve a pregnancy and the skills they use ...

Invasive Prenatal Testing Decisions in Pregnancy After Infertility

This study will explore the decision-making experiences of women who are currently pregnant following a period of infertility on whether or not to undergo an invasive prenatal test (IPT) p...

PubMed Articles [10678 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Infertility and the Military Male.

Male infertility is a condition that affects approximately 50% of infertile couples and about 30% of those couples have only male factor infertility identified. There has been speculation that male mi...

The Association of Partial Azoospermia Factor C Deletions and Male Infertility in Northwestern China.

Male infertility is a major health issue worldwide. Y chromosome microdeletions are well-characterized genetic causes of male infertility. The association of partial AZFc deletions (gr/gr, b2/b3, and ...

Sequence analysis of 37 candidate genes for male infertility: Challenges in variant assessment and validating genes.

The routine genetic analysis for diagnosing male infertility has not changed over the last twenty years, and currently available tests can only determine the etiology of 4% of unselected infertile pat...

Reproductive endocrinologists are the gatekeepers for male infertility care in North America: results of a North American survey on the referral patterns and characteristics of men presenting to male infertility specialists for infertility investigations.

To characterize the referral patterns and characteristics of men presenting for infertility evaluation using data obtained from the Andrology Research Consortium.

Metabolomics analysis of seminal plasma in patients with idiopathic oligoteratoasthenozoospermia using high-resolution NMR spectroscopy.

Male infertility is a global health issue caused by a combination of different factors. Specialists generally rely on semen analysis to diagnose male infertility. However, it is known that diagnostic ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.

An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).

A form of male HYPOGONADISM, characterized by the presence of an extra X CHROMOSOME, small TESTES, seminiferous tubule dysgenesis, elevated levels of GONADOTROPINS, low serum TESTOSTERONE, underdeveloped secondary sex characteristics, and male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE). Patients tend to have long legs and a slim, tall stature. GYNECOMASTIA is present in many of the patients. The classic form has the karyotype 47,XXY. Several karyotype variants include 48,XXYY; 48,XXXY; 49,XXXXY, and mosaic patterns ( 46,XY/47,XXY; 47,XXY/48,XXXY, etc.).

A scientific or medical discipline concerning the study of male reproductive biology, diseases of the male genital organs, and male infertility. Major areas of interest include ENDOCRINOLOGY; SPERMATOGENESIS; semen analysis; FERTILIZATION; CONTRACEPTION; and CRYOPRESERVATION.

A method of data collection and a qualitative research tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.

More From BioPortfolio on "Fertility Preservation in Male AYA With Cancer"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Fertility is the ability of a couple to conceive, but can related to specifically the man or woman. Various reasons can cause a couple to be infertile, and due to the strong desire of these patients to have <!--LGfEGNT2Lhm-->children, a range of ...

  Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...

Cancer Disease
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...

Searches Linking to this Trial