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The purpose of this study is to assess the activation patterns of diaphragm and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle during different loaded inspiratory muscle performance in patients with COPD after acute exacerbation. Null hypothesis (H0): There is no significant difference between activation pattern of diaphragm and SCM muscle during different loaded inspiratory muscle performance in patients with COPD after acute exacerbation. Alternative hypothesis (H1): There is significant difference between activation pattern of diaphragm and SCM muscle during different loaded inspiratory muscle performance in patients with COPD after acute exacerbation.
The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is 11.7% around the world, and it is expected to rise over the next 30 years. In Taiwan, COPD is estimated as the seventh leading cause of death in 2016, and has been gradually increasing in the past decades. COPD has been long considered to be a disease state characterized by airflow limitation that are not fully reversible, leading to abnormalities in control of breathing, worsening of respiratory mechanics and pulmonary function. However, COPD is no longer considered to affect only the lungs and airways, but also the rest of the body including decreases in respiratory and limb-muscle mass and function. When acute exacerbation occurs, lung function decreases rapidly. According to the previous studies, inspiratory muscle training (IMT), can improve the strength and endurance of the diaphragm, reduce dyspnea and breathing pattern, thus increasing the capacity of activities tolerance in patients with COPD. Although more and more studies are focus on diaphragm weakness and the effect of IMT in patients with COPD, the efficacy and intensity of IMT in patients with COPD is still controversial and the clinical use is limited. Whether increases intensity during IMT would lead to improvements in contraction pattern of respiratory muscle remained unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess the activation patterns of diaphragm and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscle during different loaded inspiratory muscle performance in patients with COPD after acute exacerbation.
Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Threshold inspiratory muscle trainer
Not yet recruiting
National Taiwan University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-03-26T02:49:36-0400
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A subcategory of CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE. The disease is characterized by hypersecretion of mucus accompanied by a chronic (more than 3 months in 2 consecutive years) productive cough. Infectious agents are a major cause of chronic bronchitis.
Any disorder marked by obstruction of conducting airways of the lung. AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION may be acute, chronic, intermittent, or persistent.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration. This condition may be idiopathic (primary) or associated with lower brain stem lesions; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (LUNG DISEASES, OBSTRUCTIVE); HEART FAILURE, CONGESTIVE; medication effect; and other conditions. Sleep maintenance is impaired, resulting in daytime hypersomnolence. Primary central sleep apnea is frequently associated with obstructive sleep apnea. When both forms are present the condition is referred to as mixed sleep apnea (see SLEEP APNEA SYNDROMES). (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395; Neurol Clin 1996;14(3):611-28)
Blockage in any part of the URETER causing obstruction of urine flow from the kidney to the URINARY BLADDER. The obstruction may be congenital, acquired, unilateral, bilateral, complete, partial, acute, or chronic. Depending on the degree and duration of the obstruction, clinical features vary greatly such as HYDRONEPHROSIS and obstructive nephropathy.
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COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is used for a number of conditions including chronic bronchitis and emphysema, which all lead to the airways in the lungs becoming damaged and thus narrower, making inhalation and exhalation harder...