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Kiritimati is an isolated coral atoll in the Pacific Ocean, and is one of 32 islands that comprise the Republic of Kiribati. Obesity and type 2 diabetes rates are high in Kiribati, but the causes and rates of childhood obesity/diabetes are unknown. However, it has been hypothesized that high consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages on Kiritimati may be a contributing factor. The investigators therefore conducted a study in Kiritimati in September 2018 with the aim of 1) quantifying obesity and diabetes rates amongst children on Kiritimati and 2) testing the feasibility of a sugar-reduction intervention in Kiritimati schools. The investigators randomized the two high schools on the island to either the control group or the intervention group. The investigators measured height/weight, continuous blood glucose (using flash glucose monitoring), and diet (using 24-hour diet recalls). One week into the study, the intervention school received an intervention, which consisted of installation of a water filter at the school, the provision of water bottles to each student at the school, and a 30-minute educational presentation on the link between sugar consumption and type 2 diabetes. The investigators then measured how blood glucose and diet changed the week following the intervention, and compared this to the control school.
Type 2 Diabetes
University of Southern California
University of Southern California
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-03-27T03:25:31-0400
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The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Polyhydric alcohols having no more than one hydroxy group attached to each carbon atom. They are formed by the reduction of the carbonyl group of a sugar to a hydroxyl group.(From Dorland, 28th ed)
A sugar alcohol formed by the reduction of ribose.
A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .
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