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Coral Calcium's Effect on Bone Density in Postmenopausal Women With and Without Ibandronate

2020-03-31 04:03:59 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will investigate the effect of coral calcium complex supplementation on BMD of osteoporotic individuals either when used alone or in combination with ibandronate. Ibandronate alone will also be tested in comparison to coral calcium supplementation alone or in combination.

Description

Osteoporosis and resulting fragility fractures are major causes of morbidity and mortality in older individuals. Current estimates indicate that as many as 50% of American women and 20% of men over the age of 50 will be at risk for osteoporotic fractures during their lifetimes, and that these fractures are associated both with higher risk for further fractures and with higher mortality rates. Osteoporosis and subsequent fragility fractures can be prevented if diagnosed and treated appropriately. The first step of treatment guidelines for individuals with reduced bone mineral density (BMD), as identified with dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan, is the implementation of lifestyle measures to reduce bone loss. These include the supplementation of dietary calcium and vitamin D to maintain appropriate calcium intake and reduce resorption of mineralized calcium from bone. Pharmacological treatment can be used for the treatment of osteoporosis in individuals who have reduced BMD (less than -2.5 T-score) and for those who have sustained a fragility fracture. The bisphosphonates are first line agents for the treatment of osteoporosis. Coral-derived calcium is a novel formulation of calcium supplement, which has not yet been rigorously investigated as an efficacious nutrient for the skeleton. Ibandronate is a commonly available bisphosphonate prescribed for the treatment of osteoporosis. Vitamin D is a nutrient required to absorb vitamin D from the diet.

Study Design

Conditions

Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal

Intervention

Coral Complex 3, Ibandronate, Vitamin D3

Location

Osteoporosis Center of Armenia
Yerevan
Armenia

Status

Recruiting

Source

Columbia University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-03-31T04:03:59-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.

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Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.

A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.

A second generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) used to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. It has estrogen agonist effects on bone and cholesterol metabolism but behaves as a complete estrogen antagonist on mammary gland and uterine tissue.

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