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An incidental gallbladder carcinoma is detected in approximately 0.2% of the cholecystectomy specimens removed for presumed benign disease. In patients that meet specific criteria, a surgical re-operation is recommended to treat possible residual tumor disease not treated with the initial cholecystectomy. The presence of residual disease in the re-intervention specimen worsens the prognosis of patient survival, according to several published series. Patients with known or high-risk of residual disease may benefit from a specific strategy that would improve patient selection before attempting re-resection. A pathology-based score has been developed but has not been yet validated in an external series of patients. The use of pathological data from the initial cholecystectomy specimen could identify patients at risk of residual disease and aid in selecting a specific therapeutic strategy prior to attempting surgical re-exploration.
- Sample size: 30 (minimum).
- Statistical analysis: populations will be compared with chi-square test or Fisher's exact test (categorical variables) and Student's t test or Mann-Whitney U test (continuous variables). A univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis will be performed to evaluate the predictive factors of residual disease. The Kaplan-Meier method will be applied for survival analysis and curves will be compared using log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards ratio will be applied to determine the predictive factors of survival. Variables with p values inferior to 0.1 in the univariate analysis will be used to perform the multivariate analysis. Statistical significance is defined when p < 0.5. The statistical program used will be SPSS version 23.
Gallbladder Neoplasm Malignant Primary
Not yet recruiting
Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-03-31T04:04:22-0400
to determine if primary prophylaxis with Endoscopic Ultrasound-Gallbladder Drainage (EUS-GBD) in unresectable cancer patients with the orifice of the cystic duct (OCD) involvement is super...
The present study is designed to determine whether adjuvant concurrent chemoradiotherapy improves overall survivals.
Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Gemcitabine Plus Cisplatin Followed by Radical Liver Resection Versus Immediate Radical Liver Resection Alone With or Without Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Incidentally Detected Gallbladder Carcinoma After Simple Cholecystectomy o
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Abnormal growths of tissue that follow a previous neoplasm but are not metastases of the latter. The second neoplasm may have the same or different histological type and can occur in the same or different organs as the previous neoplasm but in all cases arises from an independent oncogenic event. The development of the second neoplasm may or may not be related to the treatment for the previous neoplasm since genetic risk or predisposing factors may actually be the cause.
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A process whereby bile is delivered from the gallbladder into the duodenum. The emptying is caused by both contraction of the gallbladder and relaxation of the sphincter mechanism at the choledochal terminus.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...