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Anorexia nervosa is a severe cause of undernutrition. It leads to a dramatic decrease of weight with an important modification of the body composition. During the renutrition phase, disharmonious body composition recovery is a relapse factor. Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the gold standard to study body composition in children with anorexia nervosa. But, due to technical limits, DXA analysis needs to take in account a potential failure to thrive with an adjustment on height. Moreover DXA needs an irradiation which does not allow close repeat measurements. Since several years, a simple, non-invasive, non-irradiant method for measure of body composition has been developed in pediatrics: the air displacement plethysmography (ADP). Actually, only one device is available for this measurement: the BodPod®. However, feasibility and accuracy of ADP compare to DXA have not been evaluated in pediatric anorexia nervosa. The aim of this study is to compare the accuracy of BodPod® compare to DXA in girls with anorexia nervosa.
Measure of body composition by Air Displacement Plethysmography (ADP)
Centre REférent pour l'Anorexie et les Troubles du Comportement Alimentaire de Lyon (CREATyon) - Hôpital Neurologique Pierre W
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Hospices Civils de Lyon
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-03-28T03:55:30-0400
Body Image distortion is a key diagnostic feature for Anorexia Nervosa. Patients suffering from Anorexia Nervosa tend to perceive themselves as fatter than they are. This bias might be at ...
The study aimed to assess protein accretion during weight gain in adolescent patients with Anorexia nervosa
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This study focuses on representations of the interior of the body and interoceptive awareness in women with anorexia nervosa in comparison with women without eating disorders.
This study will determine if air-displacement plethysmography (ADP) provides accurate measurement of body composition (percent body fat and fat-free mass) in pediatric patients with intest...
In the general population, body weight is-on average-higher in the winter than in the summer. In patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), however, the opposite pattern has been reported. Yet, only a handf...
We report on the long-term outcome of males compared to females treated for anorexia nervosa (AN) or bulimia nervosa (BN).
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is involved in the response to stress and in depression and anxiety. However, studies on ADH in anorexia nervosa (AN) show conflicting results. A major reason for this may b...
Females with anorexia nervosa (AN) have higher ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) and lower brain-derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) levels than controls, and differ in their perception of hunger cues. Studi...
Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms appear frequently in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), but the associations between psychopathological, GI, and eating disorder (ED) symptoms remain unclear. This stu...
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
An eating disorder that is characterized by the lack or loss of APPETITE, known as ANOREXIA. Other features include excess fear of becoming OVERWEIGHT; BODY IMAGE disturbance; significant WEIGHT LOSS; refusal to maintain minimal normal weight; and AMENORRHEA. This disorder occurs most frequently in adolescent females. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Recording changes in electrical impedance between electrodes placed on opposite sides of a part of the body, as a measure of volume changes in the path of the current. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A disorder associated with three or more of the following: eating until feeling uncomfortably full; eating large amounts of food when not physically hungry; eating much more rapidly than normal; eating alone due to embarrassment; feeling of disgust, DEPRESSION, or guilt after overeating. Criteria includes occurrence on average, at least 2 days a week for 6 months. The binge eating is not associated with the regular use of inappropriate compensatory behavior (i.e. purging, excessive exercise, etc.) and does not co-occur exclusively with BULIMIA NERVOSA or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...