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Optimizing Statin Tratment

2020-03-28 03:55:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Hypercholesterolemia is frequent (prevalence of 30% in general population) and constitue with diabetes, obesity and arterial hypertension a major risk factor of atherosclerosis that leads to cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to atherosclerosis of the arterial vessel wall and to thrombosis is the foremost cause of premature mortality and of disability-adjusted life years in Europe, and is also increasingly common in developing countries. In the European Union, the economic cost of CVD represents annually €192 billion in direct and indirect healthcare costs. The main clinical entities are coronary artery disease (CAD), ischaemic stroke, and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The causes of these CVDs are multifactorial. Some of these factors relate to lifestyles, such as tobacco smoking, lack of physical activity, and dietary habits, and are thus modifiable. Other risk factors are also modifiable, such as elevated blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and dyslipidaemias, or non-modifiable, such as age and male gender. LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) is one of the major risk factors for CVD, through its role in the development of atherosclerosis The efficacy of statins has been demonstrated by a considerable amount of literature not only in lowering LDL cholesterol levels but also in reducing cardiovascular events, both in diabetes and non-diabetes patients. Guidelines for the management of dyslipidemia have emerged from different countries. Thereby, in 2016 the French Society of Endocrinology (SFE) and the New French Society of Atherosclerosis (NSFA) published a consensus statement on the management of dyslipidemias integrating features from European recommendations. However, LDL-C goal attainment has rarely been assessed specifically in diabetes population, in which CVD is of particular importance.

This study aimed to assess the rate of patients which requiered an management in cardiovascular risk treatment according to european recommendations.

This observationnal study was carried in Diabetes-Nutrition unit of the University Hospital of Montpellier - France. Data of age, sex, tobacco smoking, body mass index, hypertension, presence and type of CVD (coronary artery disease, stroke, peripheral arterial disease), treatment by statins (intensity, molecule, dosage), diabetes complicaion (nephropathy, retinopathy) were collected at admission. Management of cardiovasculare risk treatment (initiation, modificiation of dosage, molecule or others …) were collected during hospitalization and at discharge of hospitalization. LDL-C, HDL-C and triglycerides levels calculated with the Friedewald formula, and glomerular filtration rate calculated according to the CKD-EPI formula were obtained from blood samples taken within 24 hours of hospitalization admission. Cardiovascular risk level and LDL-c target values were definied according to ESC guidelines.

Study Design

Conditions

Diabetes

Location

Uhmontpellier
Montpellier
France
34295

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Montpellier

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-03-28T03:55:34-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).

The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).

A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.

The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.

Excessive thirst manifested by excessive fluid intake. It is characteristic of many diseases such as DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS; and NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS. The condition may be psychogenic in origin.

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