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The relationship between the immune system and the myocardium after myocardial ischemia is an evolving field of research. Crosstalk occurs between macrophages and cardiac myocytes to promote cardio-protection and resolution of inflammation after myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury (MI/R injury).
Myeloid-epithelial-reproductive tyrosine kinase (MerTK), a member of the TAM family of tyrosine kinase receptors (Tyro-Axl-MerTK), is a macrophage receptor that mediates efferocytosis, anti-inflammatory signaling, and resolution of inflammation. After MI/R injury, intact MerTK is necessary for the phagocytosis of dead cardiac myocytes and to promote anti-inflammatory signaling. Proteolytic cleavage of MerTK to its inactive form, soluble MER, restricts the capacity of macrophages to phagocytize dead cardiac myocytes and impairs MerTK-dependent anti-inflammatory signaling resulting in suppressive effects on cardiac remodeling and function.
The Thorp lab at Northwestern University has previously measured soluble MER levels in both adult mice and humans and found that soluble MER concentrations increase after MI/R injury. In adult MI patients, soluble MER was measured post coronary artery reperfusion and was found to be increased (average 3200 pg/mL compared to 1700 pg/mL) compared to controls with stable cardiovascular disease. Based on murine data, the lab further postulated that reperfusion injury may directly interfere with MerTK-dependent cardiac repair as reactive oxygen species formed during reperfusion injury induce proteolytic cleavage of MerTK to soluble MER.
Myocardial infarctions are rare events in pediatric patients. However, pediatric hearts are exposed to periods of hypoperfusion, ischemia, and inflammation during times of stress such as cardiac bypass and critical illness, and it is unknown how soluble MER levels change in response to these events. Thus, I was interested in investigating how soluble MER levels change after MI/R injury induced by cardiac bypass as well as in the utility of soluble MER as a biomarker of cardiac inflammation and injury in pediatric patients.
Change in Soluble MER Concentration
Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hopsital
Active, not recruiting
Ann & Robert H Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago
Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-04-01T04:26:58-0400
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