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Pregabalin Trial for the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder

2020-03-28 03:55:21 | BioPortfolio

Summary

In an 8-week randomized double-blind placebo-controlled outpatient pilot trial the efficacy of pregabalin in the treatment of alcohol dependence will be studied in 50 treatment-seeking outpatients. Participants will report drinking a minimum of 5 standard drinks for men or 4 standard drinks for women at least 4 days per week over the past 28 days.

Description

In an 8-week double-blind placebo controlled outpatient clinical trial, the safety and efficacy ofpregabalin will be tested in 50 outpatients with Alcohol Use Disorder.Participants will be randomly allocated (1:1) to receive pregabalin or an identical-appearing, inert placebo. All study medication (placebo and pregabalin) will be over-capsulated with riboflavin to assess compliance. Pregabalin will be administered in 75 mg and 100 capsules; placebo capsules will appear identical to the pregabalin capsules. Participants in both study arms will receive the same number of capsules. Pregabalin will be titrated over a 3-week period to the FDA maximum (600 mg per day) or the maximum tolerated dose.

Study visits will occur daily for the first 4 days of the study period, then approximately every other day for the remainder of week 1, for a total of 5 study visits (study days 1,2,3,4, and 5 or 7). During the second week, study visits will continue every other day for a total of 3 study visits (study days 8,10, and 12). During the remainder of the 8-week study period, study visits will occur twice weekly. There will be two visits during a post-study taper week. One visit per week will be with the research psychiatrist. All participants will have a weekly supportive behavioral treatment session with the research psychiatrist using a manual designed for pharmacotherapy trials in subjects with alcohol use disorders

Study Design

Conditions

Alcohol Use Disorder

Intervention

Pregabalin, Placebo

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

New York State Psychiatric Institute

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2020-03-28T03:55:21-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A mental disorder associated with chronic ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) and nutritional deficiencies characterized by short term memory loss, confabulations, and disturbances of attention. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1139)

An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)

Substances interfering with the metabolism of ethyl alcohol, causing unpleasant side effects thought to discourage the drinking of alcoholic beverages. Alcohol deterrents are used in the treatment of alcoholism.

Phospholipids which have an alcohol moiety in ethereal linkage with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic alcohol. They are usually derivatives of phosphoglycerols or phosphatidates. The other two alcohol groups of the glycerol backbone are usually in ester linkage. These compounds are widely distributed in animal tissues.

A gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) derivative that functions as a CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER and is used as an ANTICONVULSANT as well as an ANTI-ANXIETY AGENT. It is also used as an ANALGESIC in the treatment of NEUROPATHIC PAIN and FIBROMYALGIA.

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