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Arnica montana is a homeopathic drug that is made in accordance with the official methods of the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS) and is commonly used by cosmetic surgeons throughout the world, although there is no study proving its benefit after rhinoplasty surgery. The purpose of the research is to see if Arnica montana will reduce the amount of bruising and the intensity of the bruising after surgery. Photographs of the subject's face will be taken and used to analyze bruising after rhinoplasty surgery in subjects who receive Arnica montana and compare them to photographs of subjects who take a placebo (sugar pill).
Subjects will receive either oral arnica montana or placebo without any identifying labels or markers on the drugs.
During the post-operative period, the patients will be seen back in surgery clinic on post-operative days 2, 7 and 10. During the first two visits, the subject will receive routine post-operative care with no difference from patients not enrolled in the study. This includes routine sets of photographs. The participant will then return for a third post-operative visit lasting under ten minutes only for study photos using the left and right "three-quarters" view. Again, the subject will hold a measurement marker so length measurements can be made, and this marker will be held under the ear to not interfere with the routine cosmetic analysis of the photographs. The digital photographs will be used to analyze the bruising for the study.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Arnica montana, Placebo
University of Wisconsin-Madison
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:09-0400
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A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The dried flower heads of Arnica montana are used externally as a counterirritant and tincture for sprains and bruises, either as crude extract or in homeopathic dilution (HOMEOPATHY). Arnica contains volatile oils (OILS, VOLATILE), arnicin, arnisterol, FLAVONOIDS; TANNINS; and resin. The common name of Wolf's Bane is similar to the common name for ACONITUM.
Extravasation of blood into the skin, resulting in a nonelevated, rounded or irregular, blue or purplish patch, larger than a petechia.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain a number of diterpenoid alkaloids including: aconitans, hypaconitine, ACONITINE, jesaconitine, ignavine, napelline, and mesaconitine. The common name of Wolfbane is similar to the common name for ARNICA.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
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