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PET-CT and Circulating Tumor Cells in Colorectal Cancer

2014-07-23 21:08:07 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to identify an early indicator of drug efficacy in patients with advanced colorectal cancer - a prospective evaluation of circulating tumor cells, positron-emission tomography scan and RECIST criteria.

Description

1. To determine if measuring both tumor metabolic response (via FDG-PET scan) & circulating tumor cells (CirTC) at 4 weeks after starting treatment, is a better predictor of clinical outcome than measuring either modality alone in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) who are undergoing first-line oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy.

2. To determine if a new method of assessing drug response (measuring tumor metabolic response via FDG-PET & CirTC at 4 weeks after starting treatment) better predicts clinical outcome than the conventional method (measuring radiological changes in tumor dimensions at 10 weeks after starting treatment via the 'Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors' - RECIST).

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

Chemotherapy

Location

Department of Clinical Oncology, Prince of Wales Hospital
Hong Kong
Hong Kong

Status

Recruiting

Source

Chinese University of Hong Kong

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:07-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

A group of autosomal-dominant inherited diseases in which COLON CANCER arises in discrete adenomas. Unlike FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI with hundreds of polyps, hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal neoplasms occur much later, in the fourth and fifth decades. HNPCC has been associated with germline mutations in mismatch repair (MMR) genes. It has been subdivided into Lynch syndrome I or site-specific colonic cancer, and LYNCH SYNDROME II which includes extracolonic cancer.

A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. It is used most commonly in the prognosis of cancer therapy, usually after chemotherapy and customarily administered before and after therapy. It was named for Dr. David A. Karnofsky, an American specialist in cancer chemotherapy.

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