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Visualization and Structured Attention Behaviour for Pain and Anxiety Reduction During Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation

2014-08-27 03:12:11 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to test the efficacy of visualization and relaxation exercises together with a structured behavioural attention from nurses during ablation of atrial fibrillation.

The study will test the following hypothesis which is also aim for intervention:

Relaxation and visualization performed in patients during ablation of atrial fibrillation combined with structured attention behaviour from the nurse reduces the patient's experience of pain and anxiety - and secondary reduces the consumption of painkillers and the number of episodes of adverse outcome that requires extra attention from staff.

The survey is conducted as a controlled trial with a control group and an intervention group.

Description

Background:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of cardiac arrhythmia with a prevalence of 5% among people older than 65 years, and 0.4% of the total population. Ablation is a relatively new treatment that has proven to be effective in removing physical symptoms in patients with severe symptoms.

Compared to other ablation treatments, ablation of AF is complex and of longer duration. It can be accompanied by significant discomfort and pain, despite pharmacological analgesia.

Non pharmacological analgesia in the form of relaxation exercises and visualization has successfully been used to reduce the experience of pain intensity and anxiety of other invasive procedures.

Aim:

The study will test the following hypothesis which also acts as aim for intervention:

Relaxation and visualization performed in patients during ablation of atrial fibrillation combined with structured attention behaviour from the nurse reduces the patient's experience of pain and anxiety - and secondary reduces the consumption of painkillers and the number of episodes of adverse outcome that requires extra attention from staff.

Design / Methodology:

The Trial is conducted in a cardiac lab. The survey is conducted as a controlled Trial. The control group receives conventional care and treatment and the intervention group receives visualization and relaxation exercises together with structured behavioural attention.

The patient scores experienced pain intensity and anxiety in a validated linear numerical rank scale.

A Statistical calculation of power estimated the required number of patients to 70 in each group.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Atrial Fibrillation

Intervention

visualization together with structured behavioural attention.

Location

Coepenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet
Copenhagen
Copenhagen Ø
Denmark
DK 2100

Status

Recruiting

Source

Rigshospitalet, Denmark

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:11-0400

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Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).

Long-term changes in the electrophysiological parameters and/or anatomical structures of the HEART ATRIA that result from prolonged changes in atrial rate, often associated with ATRIAL FIBRILLATION or long periods of intense EXERCISE.

A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)

Impaired or delayed impulse conduction between the right and left HEART ATRIA. Advanced interatrial blocks are often associated with arrhythmias (e.g., ATRIAL FLUTTER; and ATRIAL FIBRILLATION), direct conduction block via the Bachmann's bundle and concomitant left atrial enlargement. Syndrome of advanced interatrial block associated with SUPRAVENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA is referred to as Bayes syndrome.

A THROMBIN inhibitor which acts by binding and blocking thrombogenic activity and the prevention of thrombus formation. It is used to reduce the risk of stroke and systemic EMBOLISM in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation.

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