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This is a phase 2 study looking at efficacy and toxicity of oral sirolimus in combination with oral methotrexate in children with refractory/relapsed ALL or NHL.
Secondary objectives include characterizing the trough levels produced by administration of oral sirolimus in children with refractory/relapsed ALL/NHL and to evaluate the effect of sirolimus on intracellular targets related to mTOR inhibition.
At present children who have bone marrow or combined bone marrow and extramedullary relapses of acute leukemia while on therapy have 5-20% of long-term survival. Newer, targeted agents need to be identified and integrated into the present cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens. Biologically targeted cancer agents, including signal transduction inhibitors like mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors (MTIs), have shown great promise in treating hematologic malignancies. A Phase 1 trial of sirolimus (an MTI) alone performed at CHOP has been well tolerated with no DLTs and has evidence of hitting the biologic target. While signal transduction inhibitors may be efficacious as single agents, it is more likely that these targeted agents will demonstrate greater efficacy in combination with other cytotoxic agents.Based upon pre-clinical humanized ALL mouse models we propose to study the toxicity and efficacy of adding sirolimus to oral methotrexate in relapsed and refractory patients.
Patients < 25 years of age, at time of enrollment, with second or greater relapse of ALL or NHL (lymphoblastic lymphoma or peripheral T-cell lymphoma) are eligible. ALL patients must have at least 10% blasts in their marrow and NHL patients must have radiologic or physical evidence of recurrence.
Patients will be started on daily oral sirolimus that is dosed based upon goal trough levels and weekly oral methotrexate. All therapy can be done as an outpatient.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Sirolimus and Methotrexate
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:00:40-0400
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Tacrolimus/Sirolimus/Methotrexate Versus Tacrolimus/Methotrexate or Cyclosporine/Mycophenolate Mofetil for GVHD Prophylaxis After Reduced Intensity Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Lymphoma
This trial is comparing whether using a drug called sirolimus for graft versus host disease (GVHD) prevention can decrease the chance of the participant's lymphoma relapsing after transpla...
Tacrolimus and Methotrexate With or Without Sirolimus in Preventing Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Young Patients Undergoing Donor Stem Cell Transplant for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Complete Remission
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A macrolide compound obtained from Streptomyces hygroscopicus that acts by selectively blocking the transcriptional activation of cytokines thereby inhibiting cytokine production. It is bioactive only when bound to IMMUNOPHILINS. Sirolimus is a potent immunosuppressant and possesses both antifungal and antineoplastic properties.
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
An antineoplastic antimetabolite with immunosuppressant properties. It is an inhibitor of TETRAHYDROFOLATE DEHYDROGENASE and prevents the formation of tetrahydrofolate, necessary for synthesis of thymidylate, an essential component of DNA.
A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.
A derivative of sirolimus and an inhibitor of TOR SERINE-THREONINE KINASES. It is used to prevent GRAFT REJECTION in heart and kidney transplant patients by blocking cell proliferation signals. It is also an ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
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Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow characterized by an abnormal increase of immature white blood cells called "blasts". Leukemia is a broad term covering a spectrum of diseases. In turn, it is part of the even broader grou...