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Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. The encoded protein, CFTR, is an epithelial chloride ion channel responsible for aiding in the regulation of salt and water absorption and secretion in various tissues. Although the disease affects multiple organs, the leading cause of mortality is the progressive loss of lung function. Obstruction of airways with thick mucous, chronic bacterial infection of the airways, and inflammatory response are all thought to play a role in causing lung damage. Through its function as a chloride channel, CFTR is believed to be integral in epithelial ion and water transport and hence, maintaining the normal hydration of lung secretions.
VX-770 is a potent and selective potentiator of wild-type, G551D, F508del, and R117H forms of human CFTR. Based on in vitro studies and pharmacologic, pharmacokinetic (PK), and safety profiles, VX-770 has been selected for clinical development as a possible treatment for patients with CF.
Hyperpolarized noble gas magnetic resonance imaging (HG-MRI) is a promising new means of assessing lung function by direct imaging of certain non-radioactive isotopes of an inert noble gas, such as helium or xenon. Through this technique, high-resolution 3-dimensional images of lung ventilation can be obtained in both pediatric and adult patients during a single short breath-hold following inhalation of the gas.
The objectives of this study are to evaluate the effect of VX-770 on hyperpolarized 3He-MRI, and to evaluate the safety and efficacy of VX-770 in subjects aged 12 years and older with CF who have the G551D-CFTR mutation.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of Virginia, Radiology, School of Medicine
Not yet recruiting
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:16-0400
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease caused by mutation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of miglust...
The study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, study that will be conducted at multiple centers in subjects with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) who are homozygous for the F508del mutat...
This is a phase II, dose ranging, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The aim of this study is to assess the safety of increasing doses of roscovitine a...
The purpose of this study is to investigate if treatment with AZD9668 for 28 days is effective in treating Cystic Fibrosis (CF) and if so how it compares to placebo (a substance which does...
In order to further enable physiopathology studies, the aim of this project is to validate an in vitro model of cystic fibrosis created using induced pluripotent stemcell (iPS) differentia...
A potential positive effect of probiotics in cystic fibrosis (CF) on fecal calprotectin (FCP), pulmonary exacerbations and weight has been described in small controlled trials.
The risk of vitamin E deficiency is of primary concern in cystic fibrosis patients. However, early diagnosis and routine vitamin E supplementation can lead to its normal or even high levels. In the pr...
In healthy lungs, epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is regulated by short, palate, lung, and nasal clone 1 (SPLUNC1). In cystic fibrosis (CF), ENaC is hyperactivated in part due to a loss of SPLUNC1 fu...
Cystic fibrosis diagnosis is dependent on the chloride ion concentration in the sweat test (≥60mEq/mL - recognized as the gold standard indicator for cystic fibrosis diagnosis). Moreover, the saliva...
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.
Intestinal obstruction caused by congealed MECONIUM in the distal ILEUM and CECUM. It presents shortly after birth as a failure to pass meconium and frequently occurs in infants with CYSTIC FIBROSIS.
Pulmonary relating to or associated with the lungs eg Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Influenza, Lung Cancer, Pneumonia, Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, Sleep Disorders etc Follow and track Lung Cancer News ...
Affecting over 8,500 people in the UK, Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is one of the UK's most common life-threatening inherited diseases. Around half of the CF population can expect to live over 38 years, although improvements in treatments mean a baby born ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...