Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
We have developed in vitro systems including primary epithelial cell cultures and explant cultures of bronchial tissues to study the interaction between the bronchial mucosa and allergens. This approach involves culturing bronchial biopsies under optimal conditions and stimulate them with allergens thus enabling us to perform a dynamic study without the need of performing several bronchoscopies and will allow the testing of unapproved substances, which could, otherwise, not be delivered, in vivo.
We wish to apply these ex vivo bronchial culture systems to assess cytokine release in moderately severe asthmatics and evaluate the effects of blocking TNF-alpha signalling using anti TNF-alpha monoclonal antibodies.
Volunteers with moderately severe asthma will be recruited and carefully characterized in terms of lung function, asthma symptom scores, medication usage and allergen sensitivity (by blood and skin tests). If suitable, they will then be asked to withdraw their corticosteroids for a week with careful monitoring of the symptoms and peak flows before undergoing fibreoptic bronchoscopy as was carried out in the previous explant study. Bronchial brushings and biopsies will be carried out as per standard technique used in University medicine. Primary epithelial cell cultures will be established from bronchial brushings and will be used for optimising the dose of anti TNF-alpha required for inhibition of TNF-alpha induced responses. The biopsies will be placed in either culture medium alone, allergen extract or allergen extract plus anti TNF-alpha antibody and cultured for 24 hours. The biopsies will then be either snap frozen in liquid nitrogen for analysis of cytokines or processed for immunohistochemical analysis. The supernatants from each study will be recovered and analysed for cytokine (IL-5, IL-8, IL-13, MIP 1 alpha and RANTES) release by ELISA.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Southampton University Hospital Trust
Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:16-0400
To assess the separate and interactive effects of asthma severity, subspecialty practice variation, asthma-related psychosocial variables, and other factors on asthma outcomes, including a...
It is important for people with asthma to become involved in their asthma care and management. This study will evaluate an interactive Web site that provides tailored feedback and informat...
Families of children with asthma are admitted for asthma attacks very frequently compared to adults with asthma. They are given education about asthma but studies are needed to improve thi...
The purpose of this study is to determine if teaching children with asthma how to talk to their doctor about controlling their asthma including symptom frequency in an asthma diary and med...
This study aims to evaluate the asthma control status, asthma symptoms (severity, frequency, and limitations on activities, etc.), QOL, and use of drugs for asthma attack in adult asthma p...
Mepolizumab targets eosinophils in the treatment of asthma. The dose used for asthma is considerably lower than that used for treating eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, a recently approve...
A stepwise therapeutic management is recommended for asthma patients by the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA). Little is known about the recommendations applied in real world settings. This study ai...
To investigate whether patients with moderate to severe asthma who commence an exercise training program in winter or summer show differences in exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQo...
Asthma often debuts in early life (1). During childhood, the prevalence of asthma is higher in boys, but prevalence is higher in girls after puberty (2). The goal of asthma treatment is to achieve and...
Asthma attacks caused, triggered, or exacerbated by OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
A beta-adrenergic agonist used in the treatment of asthma and bronchospasms.
Adrenergic beta-2 agonist used as bronchodilator for emphysema, bronchitis and asthma.
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Asthma is caused by inflammation of small tubes, called bronchi, which carry air in and out of the lungs. If you have asthma, the bronchi will be inflamed and more sensitive than normal. When you come into contact with something that irritates your...