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This trial examined the impact of acute and chronic almond ingestion on indicators of glucose control (postprandial glycemia and hemoglobin A1c). Hypotheses:
1. Almonds will stimulate the secretion of GLP-1 in healthy adults and in adults with T2D The investigators were not able to demonstrate a relationship between GLP-1 secretion and almond consumption. Individuals with T2D were characterized with significantly greater GLP-1 secretion than the non-diabetic control subjects.
2. Acute ingestion of almonds will decrease the postprandial glycemia and insulinemic responses in healthy controls and in individuals with T2D The investigators data support the hypothesis: almond consumption by individuals with T2D did attenuate postprandial glycemia; however, almond consumption did not alter glycemia in non-diabetic control subjects
3. Chronic almond ingestion for 12 weeks will reduce fasting glucose (FG) and A1c concentrations in individuals with T2D The investigators data demonstrated modest beneficial effect of almond consumption on A1c in individuals with T2D. Almond consumption was also associated with modest weight loss as compared to the control treatment (low fat cheese sticks).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Type 2 Diabetes
Arizona State University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:16-0400
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The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .
Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
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