Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This trial examined the impact of acute and chronic almond ingestion on indicators of glucose control (postprandial glycemia and hemoglobin A1c). Hypotheses:
1. Almonds will stimulate the secretion of GLP-1 in healthy adults and in adults with T2D The investigators were not able to demonstrate a relationship between GLP-1 secretion and almond consumption. Individuals with T2D were characterized with significantly greater GLP-1 secretion than the non-diabetic control subjects.
2. Acute ingestion of almonds will decrease the postprandial glycemia and insulinemic responses in healthy controls and in individuals with T2D The investigators data support the hypothesis: almond consumption by individuals with T2D did attenuate postprandial glycemia; however, almond consumption did not alter glycemia in non-diabetic control subjects
3. Chronic almond ingestion for 12 weeks will reduce fasting glucose (FG) and A1c concentrations in individuals with T2D The investigators data demonstrated modest beneficial effect of almond consumption on A1c in individuals with T2D. Almond consumption was also associated with modest weight loss as compared to the control treatment (low fat cheese sticks).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Type 2 Diabetes
Arizona State University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:16-0400
The purpose of this research is to build the evidence base for approval of FDA health claims related to almonds and CVD. A randomized, 2-period, crossover controlled feeding study was des...
We hypothesize that regular consumption of almonds will augment the long chain fatty acid profile and the alpha-tocopherol levels, improve the skin barrier function, and improve the appear...
Cognitive impairment is also a major risk factor for development of dementia later in life. Findings from recent studies suggest that the there are many nutrients contained in foods that m...
This study will examine the effects of almonds consumed by adults with different body fat distributions on indices of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism.
To assess the effects of almonds on coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factors (serum lipids, measurements of oxidative stress and nitric oxide production) when added to the diets of subjec...
Type 2 diabetes is increasing worldwide, disproportionately affecting First Nations (FN) people. Identifying early-life determinants of type 2 diabetes is important to address the intergenerational bu...
Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for ~90% of all diabetes, is a heterogeneous and progressive disease with a variety of causative and potentiating factors. The hyperglycaemia of type 2 diabetes is ofte...
This study explores the prevalence of, and factors associated with, likely depression and diabetes distress in adults with type 2 diabetes in a large, national sample. Australian National Diabetes Aud...
Previous studies suggest that the type and combination of comorbidities may impact diabetes care, but their cost implications are less clear. This study characterized how diabetes patients' health car...
Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus are prevalent all over the world. Obese patients with more visceral fat are more likely to suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia and obs...
The time period before the development of symptomatic diabetes. For example, certain risk factors can be observed in subjects who subsequently develop INSULIN RESISTANCE as in type 2 diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 2).
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A severe type of hyperlipidemia, sometimes familial, that it is characterized by the elevation of both plasma CHYLOMICRONS and TRIGLYCERIDES contained in VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS. Type V hyperlipoproteinemia is often associated with DIABETES MELLITUS and is not caused by reduced LIPOPROTEIN LIPASE activity as in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE I .
Urination of a large volume of urine with an increase in urinary frequency, commonly seen in diabetes (DIABETES MELLITUS; DIABETES INSIPIDUS).
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...