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Objectives: To study the behavior and cardiovascular safety protocol to the front low-intensity exercise in patients with heart failure (HF) severe, awaiting heart transplantation. Methods: The investigators studied 21 patients with severe HF on the list for a heart transplant at the University Hospital of UNIFESP. After evaluation, patients underwent exercise protocol with six stages of exercise (1. upper limbs, 2. inferiors, 3. walk 35 m, 4. ½ flight of stairs, 5. walk 200 m 6. a flight of stairs) with intensity between 2-6 metabolic equivalents. These also were followed for an average period of 17 months as the clinical complications and death. Results: From the patients studied, three were not able to perform the full protocol, and the variables body mass index, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure measurement (Pimáx and Pemáx, cmH2O) and number of previous admissions, showed the most divergent behavior of the sample studied. A greater increase in heart rate, double product and scale of perceived exertion during step 5 was observed during the protocol. Blood pressure levels showed little change between stages, and there was no arrhythmias incidence increase (kappa = 0.552) compared to effort. A positive correlation scale was perceived in exertion walking distance of 200m, with systolic blood pressure (r = 0.4, p = 0.02). Overall observed lower values of maximal inspiratory pressure and increased blood pressure and elevated heart rate in patients with death outcome. Conclusion: Cardiovascular behavior against exercise protocol was well tolerated and safe, but suggests need for monitoring. Information collected at initial clinical evaluation associated with decompensation and death, and may help stratify these patients.
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
low intensity exercise
Federal University of Sao Paulo
Federal University of São Paulo
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:00:42-0400
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Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
A cardiovascular exercise strategy with alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less-intense recovery periods.
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
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Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...