Topics

Effect of a Combined Use of Mosquito Repellent and Insecticide Treated Net on Malaria in Ethiopia

2014-08-27 03:12:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The combined use of a mosquito repellent and long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) by household members would result in a 40% reduction in malaria prevalence compared with households that only use LLINs.

Description

It has been recognized that the use of malaria preventive measures in combination with LLINs could improve the effectiveness of nets in preventing the disease. This study examined the effect of a combined use of mosquito repellent (i.e., Buzz Off) and LLINs on malaria prevalence in an area of unstable and seasonal malaria transmission.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Malaria

Intervention

Mosquito repellent

Location

SNNPR, Ethiopia
Awassa
Snnpr
Ethiopia

Status

Completed

Source

Malaria Consortium, Ethiopia

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:17-0400

Clinical Trials [578 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Genetic Association Mapping of Malaria Resistance in Anopheles Gambiae

This is a study of the genetics of malaria transmission by the mosquito vector in Africa, Anopheles gambiae. The study focuses on the mosquito vector, not the human subjects infected with ...

Evaluation of Combined Use of ITN's and Insect Repellents Against Malaria

Insecticide Treated Nets (ITN's) offer good protection against malaria in Africa where the vector mosquitoes feed indoors late at night. However, in other parts of the world like South Am...

Clinical Evaluation of Mosquito Coils to Control Malaria in China

Although mosquito coils are widely used, there is no robust evidence that their use can provide clinical reduction in malaria. This study will randomise 4 groups of 400 houses, each with...

Malaria Challenge With NF54 Strain

The purpose of this study is to determine how many infected mosquito bites are required to reliably give volunteers a case of malaria. It is expected that volunteers will develop malaria a...

Safety and Tolerability of Low Dose Primaquine

In Cambodia, falciparum is becoming more difficult to treat because drugs are becoming less effective. The investigators can help to try to prevent the spread of this resistant malaria by ...

PubMed Articles [802 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Mosquito exposure and malaria morbidity; a micro-level analysis of household mosquito populations and malaria in a population-based longitudinal cohort in western Kenya.

Malaria morbidity is highly overdispersed in the population. Fine-scale differences in mosquito exposure may partially explain this heterogeneity. However, exposure variability has not been related to...

A Population Dynamics Model of Mosquito-Borne Disease Transmission, Focusing on Mosquitoes' Biased Distribution and Mosquito Repellent Use.

We present an improved mathematical model of population dynamics of mosquito-borne disease transmission. Our model considers the effect of mosquito repellent use and the mosquito's behavior or attract...

Toxicity and Repellency of Two Anthranilates against Aedes albopictus Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae).

The ability of Aedes albopictus Skuse to transmit several pathogens to humans makes it a very important mosquito with public health significance. Ecofriendly products as alternatives to synthetic chem...

Excito-repellent activity of β-caryophyllene oxide against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles minimus.

Contact irritant and non-contact repellent activities of β-caryophyllene oxide were evaluated against laboratory strains of female Aedes aegypti (USDA strain), a major arbovirus vector and Anopheles ...

Anopheles mosquito surveillance in Madagascar reveals multiple blood feeding behavior and Plasmodium infection.

The Madagascar National Strategic Plan for Malaria Control 2018 (NSP) outlines malaria control pre-elimination strategies that include detailed goals for mosquito control. Primary surveillance protoco...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A protozoan parasite that causes avian malaria (MALARIA, AVIAN), primarily in chickens, and is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito.

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.

A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.

Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.

More From BioPortfolio on "Effect of a Combined Use of Mosquito Repellent and Insecticide Treated Net on Malaria in Ethiopia"

Quick Search

Relevant Topics

Malaria
Malaria is a serious tropical disease spread by mosquitoes. If malaria is not diagnosed and treated promptly, it can be fatal. What causes malaria? Malaria is caused by a type of parasite known as Plasmodium. There are many different types of Plasmod...

Infectious-diseases
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...


Searches Linking to this Trial