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Effect of a Combined Use of Mosquito Repellent and Insecticide Treated Net on Malaria in Ethiopia

2014-08-27 03:12:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The combined use of a mosquito repellent and long lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) by household members would result in a 40% reduction in malaria prevalence compared with households that only use LLINs.

Description

It has been recognized that the use of malaria preventive measures in combination with LLINs could improve the effectiveness of nets in preventing the disease. This study examined the effect of a combined use of mosquito repellent (i.e., Buzz Off) and LLINs on malaria prevalence in an area of unstable and seasonal malaria transmission.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Malaria

Intervention

Mosquito repellent

Location

SNNPR, Ethiopia
Awassa
Snnpr
Ethiopia

Status

Completed

Source

Malaria Consortium, Ethiopia

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:17-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A protozoan parasite that causes avian malaria (MALARIA, AVIAN), primarily in chickens, and is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito.

A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.

Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.

A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.

Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.

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