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The Importance of Anti-anaerobic Therapy for Acute Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

2014-08-27 03:12:17 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study is a randomized placebo-controlled trial comparing two antibiotic treatment regimens for acute PID. Women with acute PID will be randomized to one of two treatment regimens. One group of women will receive a single intramuscular dose of ceftriaxone 250 mg, doxycycline 100 mg orally twice a day for 14 days, along with placebo tablets orally twice a day for 14 days. The second group of women will receive the same doses of ceftriaxone and doxycycline, and metronidazole 500 mg orally twice a day for 14 days. The primary objective is to compare the eradication of anaerobic organisms from the upper genital tract in women with acute PID who receive standard outpatient antibiotic treatment to the eradication of these organisms from the upper genital tract in women who receive standard outpatient treatment along with a two-week course of metronidazole. Women will be followed for one month for clinical outcomes, and will undergo assessment for clearance of microorganisms from the upper genital tract. Our hypothesis is that an antibiotic treatment regimen that includes anaerobic coverage will more effectively clear anaerobic organisms from the endometrium in women with acute PID compared to a standard antibiotic treatment regimen lacking effective antibiotic coverage against anaerobes.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Intervention

ceftriaxone, doxycycline, and placebo, ceftriaxone, doxycycline, metronidazole

Location

Magee-Womens Hospital of UPMC
Pittsburgh
Pennsylvania
United States
15213

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

University of Pittsburgh

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:17-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with a very long half-life and high penetrability to meninges, eyes and inner ears.

A synthetic TETRACYCLINE derivative with similar antimicrobial activity. Animal studies suggest that it may cause less tooth staining than other tetracyclines. It is used in some areas for the treatment of chloroquine-resistant falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM).

Soft tissue formed mainly by the pelvic diaphragm, which is composed of the two levator ani and two coccygeus muscles. The pelvic diaphragm lies just below the pelvic aperture (outlet) and separates the pelvic cavity from the PERINEUM. It extends between the PUBIC BONE anteriorly and the COCCYX posteriorly.

Injury, weakening, or PROLAPSE of the pelvic muscles, surrounding connective tissues or ligaments (PELVIC FLOOR).

Pain in the pelvic region of genital and non-genital origin and of organic or psychogenic etiology. Frequent causes of pain are distension or contraction of hollow viscera, rapid stretching of the capsule of a solid organ, chemical irritation, tissue ischemia, and neuritis secondary to inflammatory, neoplastic, or fibrotic processes in adjacent organs. (Kase, Weingold & Gershenson: Principles and Practice of Clinical Gynecology, 2d ed, pp479-508)

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