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Dual Antiplatelet Therapy in Patients With Aspirin Resistance Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting

2014-08-27 03:12:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Reactive platelet hyperactivity following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) might lead to thrombotic complications and major ischemic cardiac events. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes in platelet reactivity following CABG and to clarify a potentially beneficial effect of dual antiplatelet therapy in the group of patients with documented aspirin resistance following CABG. Platelet function will be assessed by multiple electrode aggregometry. Aortocoronary vein graft disease is comprised of three distinct but interrelated pathological processes: thrombosis, intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis. Early vein thrombosis is a major cause of vein graft attrition during the first month after CABG.

Bypass patency can be improved with antiplatelet therapy which is the mainstay of treatment for patients after CABG. A beneficial effect of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on vein graft patency has been previously shown. Some patients experience thrombotic events despite continuous aspirin administration after CABG. The investigators hypothesized that low responsiveness to aspirin might be a precipitating factor for adverse thrombotic events following CABG.

Low responsiveness to ASA, as assessed by platelet function tests, varies widely among patients. The etiology of postoperative platelet hyperactivity remains to be elucidated.

In this study a new point-of-care assay named multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) using a device called Multiplate analyzer (Dynabyte, Munich, Germany) has been utilized. It allows for rapid and standardized assessment of platelet function parameters.

This is a prospective randomized trial. The aim of the study is to document whether introduction of dual antiplatelet therapy in patients with ASA resistance will lead to a lower incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at a six month follow up. The composite endpoint will include death, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke and cardiac rehospitalization. All patients will receive 300 mg of ASA starting 6 hours after surgery, provided that the chest tube output is minimal. On postoperative day 4 their platelet function will be assessed using the above mentioned MEA. The patients found to be aspirin resistant will then undergo the process of randomization. The first arm will include patients with ASA resistance in whom no additional antiaggregation will be administered. In the second arm the investigators will include patients who were randomized to receive 75 mg of clopidogrel in addition to the standard antiplatelet regimen of 300 mg of ASA.

Platelet function monitoring allows for individual tailoring of the antiplatelet therapy. The goal of this study is to define whether this strategy will lead to improved patient outcomes. Both major and minor bleeding complications will be strictly monitored and reported.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Coronary Artery Disease

Intervention

Clopidogrel

Location

Medical school Zagreb, University hospital center Zagreb
Zagreb
Croatia
10000

Status

Recruiting

Source

University of Zagreb

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:18-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.

Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.

A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.

A congenital coronary vessel anomaly in which the left main CORONARY ARTERY originates from the PULMONARY ARTERY instead of from AORTA. The congenital heart defect typically results in coronary artery FISTULA; LEFT-SIDED HEART FAILURE and MITRAL VALVE INSUFFICIENCY during the first months of life.

Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.

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