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Study of Sorafenib Maintenance in Patients With Extensive Disease Small Cell Lung Cancer ED-SCLC After Response to Induction Chemotherapy

2014-08-27 03:12:18 | BioPortfolio

Summary

A Phase I trial of weekly topotecan in combination with sorafenib in treatment of relapsed Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has been commenced. In the present randomized phase 2 study, the investigators will research whether Sorafenib maintenance prolongs progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with ED-SCLC who achieved CR or PR after platinum-based induction chemotherapy.

Description

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) comprises 10-15 % of all lung cancer. Despite high responsiveness to initial chemotherapy, its high relapse rate makes the treatment of SCLC is challenging. With platinum plus etoposide or irinotecan, overall response rate is as high as 85%, however, the median duration of response is short (approximately 4 months), and median survival times are 9 to 11 months, with a 2-year survival rate of less than 10% [J Clin oncology. 2009 Oct 1;27(28):4787-92]. New and more effective agents are clearly needed against SCLC. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitors acting on pathways involved in tumour progression and angiogenesis, and is undergoing investigation for the treatment of SCLC in either the first- or second-line setting. The only data available so far are on sorafenib, which seems to be a promising agent with a median survival of 7 and 5 months in platinum-sensitive and platinum-refractory patients, respectively (2008 J Clin oncology 26. Abstract 8039). This compared favourably with historical controls receiving salvage chemotherapy.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Small Cell Lung Cancer

Intervention

Sorafenib

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

National Cancer Center, Korea

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:18-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.

A cell adhesion molecule that contains extracellular immunoglobulin V and C2 domains. It mediates homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion independently of calcium, and acts as a tumor suppressor in NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC) cells. Its interaction with NATURAL KILLER CELLS is important for their cytotoxicity and its expression by MAST CELLS plays a role in their interaction with neurons; it may also function in synapse assembly, nerve growth and differentiation.

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