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A Phase I trial of weekly topotecan in combination with sorafenib in treatment of relapsed Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has been commenced. In the present randomized phase 2 study, the investigators will research whether Sorafenib maintenance prolongs progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with ED-SCLC who achieved CR or PR after platinum-based induction chemotherapy.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) comprises 10-15 % of all lung cancer. Despite high responsiveness to initial chemotherapy, its high relapse rate makes the treatment of SCLC is challenging. With platinum plus etoposide or irinotecan, overall response rate is as high as 85%, however, the median duration of response is short (approximately 4 months), and median survival times are 9 to 11 months, with a 2-year survival rate of less than 10% [J Clin oncology. 2009 Oct 1;27(28):4787-92]. New and more effective agents are clearly needed against SCLC. Sorafenib is a multikinase inhibitors acting on pathways involved in tumour progression and angiogenesis, and is undergoing investigation for the treatment of SCLC in either the first- or second-line setting. The only data available so far are on sorafenib, which seems to be a promising agent with a median survival of 7 and 5 months in platinum-sensitive and platinum-refractory patients, respectively (2008 J Clin oncology 26. Abstract 8039). This compared favourably with historical controls receiving salvage chemotherapy.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Small Cell Lung Cancer
Not yet recruiting
National Cancer Center, Korea
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:18-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as sorafenib, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is ...
The purpose of this study is to determine the number of patients with advanced, relapsed non-small cell lung cancer who can tolerate dose escalation sorafenib from 400 mg twice daily to ei...
This is a randomized, open-label, multi-center, Phase II study of treatment of patients with advanced NSCLC who have progressed on erlotinib with the combination of sorafenib and erlotinib...
The primary objective of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose of sorafenib up to the full active dose when combined with standard weekly dosing of topotecan in patients wi...
RATIONALE: Sorafenib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. It may also stop the growth of non-small cell lung cancer by blocking blood ...
In this issue of Cancer Cell, Hellmann et al. describe in two clinical trials the importance of tumor mutational burden as an independent predictive marker for outcomes with combination nivolumab plu...
Mixed-lineage leukemia protein 2 (MLL2 or KMT2D) is a histone methyltransferase whose mutation has been associated with a poor prognosis in cancer. We compared the characteristics and significance of ...
Lung cancer is highly prevalent and has an especially poor prognosis. Thus, new diagnostic and therapeutic targets are necessary. Two potential targets are somatostatin receptors (SST), which are over...
Residential radon exposure is considered the second cause of lung cancer and the first in never smokers. Nevertheless, the association between the different histological types of lung cancer and radon...
Recently it has been shown that radiomic features of computed tomography (CT) have prognostic information in stage I-III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We aim to validate this prognostic...
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.
A cell adhesion molecule that contains extracellular immunoglobulin V and C2 domains. It mediates homophilic and heterophilic cell-cell adhesion independently of calcium, and acts as a tumor suppressor in NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CANCER (NSCLC) cells. Its interaction with NATURAL KILLER CELLS is important for their cytotoxicity and its expression by MAST CELLS plays a role in their interaction with neurons; it may also function in synapse assembly, nerve growth and differentiation.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Originating in the lungs, this growth may invade adjacent tissues and infiltrate beyond the lungs. Lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, is respons...