Questionnaire to Study Violence Against Women in the Climateric's Phase.

2014-08-27 03:12:22 | BioPortfolio


Objective - Construct and validating a questionnaire designed to analyze women's health during the climacteric phase, for those who suffered domestic and/or sexual violence throughout the life.

Methodology - This instrument was constructed after qualitative research (semi-structured interviews with script established daily pay) with 36 women (aged 40 to 65 years) who were or are victims of domestic and/or sexual violence seeking attention at the outpatient clinic for Endocrine Gynecology and Climactery - University of Sao Paulo General Hospital during 2009.These results was analyzed and treated according to the Content Analysis of Bardin. It was a subside to the construction of the questionnaire (investigating domestic and/or sexual violence directed towards women during their lives, especially during adulthood and the impacts on their health at the climacteric). Symptomatology of climactery, obtained by the menopausal index of Kupperman, with changes in the enunciate of the symptoms, converted to the Likert scale. This instrument presents one annex, which is only used when the woman has a history of violence during childhood and adolescence which is the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, validated to Brazil by Grassi-Oliveira R et al, 2006. It was applied to 36 women, with average age of 52,5 years (DP=4,8). Two sessions of the questionnaire were performed in the same women, with an interval of 90 days, by different interviewers, allowing collection of data on the consistency of measures (test and re-test). In order to evaluate internal trust, the alpha Cronbach test was employed, being the most frequently used measure for this evaluation and ensuing a consistency measure between items. Trust among examiners (Inter-Rater) yielded a coefficient accepted as good trust among examiners in a test. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was employed to verify adherence to the curve of Normal distribution. Internal consistency was analyzed using the α coefficient of Cronbach. For dimensional structure analysis the Explorative Factorial Analysis was employed and, for factor extraction, of major components and orthogonal rotation, the Varimax technique were considered important for factor composition.


The score for each dominium varied from 0 to 100 and the higher the score the worst is past experience with mistreats. Scores for each dominium were then compared to groups of patients previously defined.We employed statistic tests for two independent samples (Mann-Whitney). For all the tests we fixed in 0,05 or 5% the level of rejection of the null hypothesis. In order to characterize the study sample, patients were defined according to characteristics including anthropometric, climacteric and lifestyle features. Quantitative variables were described according to the average and the respective patter deviation, median and minimum and maximum values. Qualitative variables were described by simple percentages.

Questionnaire designed to analyze "Impacts on Women's Health during the climactery phase if victim of domestic or sexual violence" by Moraes & Fonseca, 2009 This is a two part set. If the woman suffered violence during childhood and;or adolescence, she will answer the Portuguese version of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, which is a self applied instrument for adolescents and adults investigating history of abuse and negligence during childhood and adolescence. The instrument was translated, adapted and validated the questionnaire contents for a Portuguese version with the original name of "Questionário Sobre Traumas na Infância" (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire) (annex 1), by Grassi-Oliveira R et al, 2006.

If the woman was subjected to violence during her life, especially during adulthood, she will answer the questionnaire on "Impacts on Women's Health during Climactery Phase, if victim of domestic or sexual violence", elaborated and validated by Moares &¨Fonseca, 2009.

Study Design

Observational Model: Ecologic or Community, Time Perspective: Prospective




Hospital das Clinicas of the Medicine College of the University of São Paulo
São Paulo




University of Sao Paulo General Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:22-0400

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