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Intensified Treatment Regimens for TB Meningitis: PK, PD and Tolerability Study

2014-08-27 03:12:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most lethal form of tuberculosis infection, and is diagnosed in approximately 5-10% of TB patients. The incidence of TBM has increased considerably during the last decade, partly due to the HIV epidemic. Without treatment, virtually all patients with TB meningitis will die. With the current treatment regimens, TBM is fatal in approximately 30-50% of cases, and responsible for severe disability in a similar proportion of survivors.

Worldwide, Indonesia the third highest case load of tuberculosis with an estimated 500.000 new patients / year. Representative data are lacking, but it is clear that TBM is a growing problem. For instance, in Hasan Sadikin Hospital, the top-referral hospital for West Java Province (population 40 million), Indonesia, 40-50 cases of TBM were treated yearly in the late 90's compared to approximately 100 in recent years.

There is very little evidence for the current treatment regimen for TBM, which dates back to the late 60's. Therefore, there is an urgent need to evaluate intensified treatment of TBM in randomized trials. We hypothesize that higher dose rifampicin, moxifloxacin (possibly also at high dose), or both will improve outcome of TBM. To determine the experimental regimen(s) which should be compared with current regimen in phase 3 trials, we want to collect evaluate pharmacokinetic aspects and toxicity of candidate regimens in a phase 2 clinical trial in 60 patients with TBM in Indonesia.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Meningitis, Tuberculous

Intervention

Moxifloxacin

Location

Hasan Sadikin General Hospital
Bandung
West Java
Indonesia
40161

Status

Not yet recruiting

Source

Universitas Padjadjaran

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:22-0400

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