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Kidney transplantation from living donors has been shown to carry many benefits over deceased donor transplantation. Because of benefits such as shorter waiting times and improved outcome for transplant recipients, living kidney donation accounts for an increasing number of kidney transplants nationwide. Most published studies about living kidney donation demonstrate that the procedure is safe, but they also emphasize concerns that long-term data on live donor outcomes are insufficient. In particular, data concerning the extent of renal function decline after donation are inadequate. This study will measure glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in previous living donors and aims to more accurately describe renal function after kidney donation.
Previous studies poorly describe renal function after kidney donation. Most published studies of renal function after donation are based on predictive equations, which were not designed for living kidney donors. One concern is that use of these equations may underestimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) following donation. Systematic underestimation of GFR may cause previous kidney donors to be inaccurately categorized as having chronic kidney disease (CKD).
While data for the entire kidney donor population are insufficient, there is even less available information about renal function after donation in black renal donors. In the general population, the incidence of end stage renal disease is higher among blacks compared to whites. Whether this pattern carries over to the black renal donor population is unclear.
The primary objectives of this study are to more accurately measure current GFR; evaluate the change in GFR before and after donation; compare measured GFR in donors matched by race, age, sex, time from donation, presence of hypertension, and presence of obesity; and evaluate differences between predictive equations and measured GFR.
This is an observational study to look at the long term outcomes in living kidney donors. Participants in this study will also be participants in DAIT RELIVE-04. As a part of this study, participants will have a brief medical history taken and a glomerular filtration rate test performed.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Glomerular Filtration Rate with Iothalamate, Glomerular Filtration Rate with Iohexol
University of Alabama at Birmingham
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:22-0400
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A specialized barrier in the kidney, consisting of the fenestrated CAPILLARY ENDOTHELIUM; GLOMERULAR BASEMENT MEMBRANE; and glomerular epithelium (PODOCYTES). The barrier prevents the filtration of PLASMA PROTEINS.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
A clinicopathological syndrome or diagnostic term for a type of glomerular injury that has multiple causes, primary or secondary. Clinical features include PROTEINURIA, reduced GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE, and EDEMA. Kidney biopsy initially indicates focal segmental glomerular consolidation (hyalinosis) or scarring which can progress to globally sclerotic glomeruli leading to eventual KIDNEY FAILURE.
A severe stage of acute renal insufficiency, characterized by the sudden decrease in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min, sometime to less than 1 to 2 ml per min. It is usually associated with OLIGURIA; EDEMA; and increase in BLOOD UREA NITROGEN and serum CREATININE concentrations.
Conditions in which the function of KIDNEYS deteriorates suddenly in a matter of days or even hours. It is characterized by the sudden drop in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE; (GMR). The most severe stage is when the GFR drops below 15 ml per min (ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE).
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...