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Diabetes Prevention in Women With a Recent History of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)

2014-08-27 03:12:23 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Many studies have shown that women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased risk of developing diabetes later in life. The purpose of the study is to test whether a web-based lifestyle intervention program adapted from the NIH sponsored Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), modified specifically for women with a recent history of GDM, incorporating advice about diet and physical activity, delivered in the first 12 months after delivery will help women lose weight, improve overall health, and decrease their risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

Description

The landmark Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated that intensive lifestyle intervention in people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) could reduce the incidence of type 2 diabetes (Knowler, Barrett-Connor et al. 2002). These findings were consistent, regardless of ethnicity, age, body mass index (BMI), gender (Knowler, Barrett-Connor et al. 2002). However, the DPP lacks a specific focus on new mothers with a recent history of gestational diabetes despite their documented high risk for developing Type 2 diabetes. Although there are recommendations that all women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) receive postpartum testing for diabetes and type 2 diabetes risk reduction, study findings suggest that women with a recent history of GDM may be unaware of their risk for future diabetes, and also do not take steps to reduce their risks (Kim et al., 2007). The postpartum period is also a time when many changes occur in a woman's life, with competing responsibilities often altering sleep patterns, work schedules, eating patterns, exercise regularity, and time allocation (Walker, 1999; Swan et al., 2007). New mothers may have difficulties engaging in healthy lifestyle programs because of lack of time and energy, and because of competing work and family demands, including child care (Swan, Kilmartin, and Liaw, 2007).

Modeled around the barriers identified in literature and gleaned from the focus groups and informant interviews of the preliminary study (2009p-000042), we have created a lifestyle/behavioral intervention that utilizes a modified DPP.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Conditions

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

Intervention

Balance after Baby Lifestyle Intervention Program

Location

Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston
Massachusetts
United States
02115

Status

Recruiting

Source

Brigham and Women's Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.

A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.

The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.

Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research for a national program in diabetes, endocrinology, and metabolic diseases; digestive diseases and nutrition; and kidney, urologic, and hematologic diseases. It was established in 1948.

Trophoblastic growth, which may be gestational or nongestational in origin. Trophoblastic neoplasia resulting from pregnancy is often described as gestational trophoblastic disease to distinguish it from germ cell tumors which frequently show trophoblastic elements, and from the trophoblastic differentiation which sometimes occurs in a wide variety of epithelial cancers. Gestational trophoblastic growth has several forms, including HYDATIDIFORM MOLE and CHORIOCARCINOMA. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1691)

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