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The investigators hypothesize that this new nasal cannula will prevent lack of oxygen as well as reduce rebreathing of carbon dioxide under ophthalmic drapes during eye surgery.
Surgery involvement the eye has widely been done under local anaesthesia provided by the ophthalmologists. Patients are often awake or mildly sedated during the surgery. However, due to the surgical drape which covers the patients face and beyond in order to maintain sterility of the surgical field, it may lead to hypoxia in these patients and retention of exhaled air within the confined space under the drape. This may lead to patient discomfort and the surgeon will face difficulty when the patient becomes restless and unable to be still for the surgery.
Various studies had been conducted using nasal cannula with oxygen or air which is administered to patients having cataract surgery under local anaesthetics and the results has so far been inconclusive.
One study evaluated the saturation of O2 in arterial blood, the partial pressure of O2 in arterial blood (PaO2), the partial pressure of CO2 in arterial blood (PaCO2) and the pH. The operative blood gas parameters were maintained in the air inhalation patients. Oxygen supplement caused significant increase in the saturation of O2 in arterial blood and in PaO2. There was no difference between the two groups in PaCO2. The pH of the arterial blood showed a statistically significant decrease in the patients with O2 supplement. This shift to more acidotic levels could cause central nervous system depression with reduced respiratory stimulus. Recommendation was to administer air rather than O2 to patients during cataract surgery.
Another clinical trials have shown that O2 application by nasal cannula prevents hypoxia but not rebreathing of CO2 in patients undergoing eye surgery under local anaesthetics.
In this clinical trial, we use Duo flow O2 + CO2 sampling cannula designed in a way to deliver O2 and sampling of expired CO2 gases from both nostril simultaneously. The aim of this study is to randomly administer O2 or air through a new nasal cannula to patients undergoing eye surgery under local anaesthetic and to evaluate the significance of O2 supplement and whether CO2 retention has an indirect effect to it.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
University Malaya Medical Center
University of Malaya
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:32-0400
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Dioxygenase enzymes that specifically hydroxylate a PROLINE residue on the HYPOXIA-INDUCIBLE FACTOR 1, ALPHA SUBUNIT. They are OXYGEN-dependent enzymes that play an important role in mediating cellular adaptive responses to HYPOXIA.
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
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