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Currently, it is certain that neuraxial analgesia in early stage of labor and delivery dose not increase the risk of Cesarean section. However, given ethical reasons, whether such a medical procedure could increase the Cesarean rate compared with those who did not received neuraxial analgesia or not is yet to be known. It is difficult to perform such a study in occidental countries because they have a higher rate of labor analgesia. On the contrary, the rate of labor analgesia in China is up to date only 1%, so it can be done easily. The investigators hypothesized that no neuraxial analgesia itself were a risk factor to Cesarean section. Therefore, the investigators design this study to compared the effect of neuraxial analgesia on the rate of Cesarean delivery with those who did not received neuraxial analgesia.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Neuraxial analgesia, Non-neuraxial analgesia
Nanjing Medical University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:24-0400
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Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.
The elimination of PAIN, without the loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, during OBSTETRIC LABOR; OBSTETRIC DELIVERY; or the POSTPARTUM PERIOD, usually through the administration of ANALGESICS.
Relief of PAIN, without loss of CONSCIOUSNESS, through ANALGESIC AGENTS administered by the patients. It has been used successfully to control POSTOPERATIVE PAIN, during OBSTETRIC LABOR, after BURNS, and in TERMINAL CARE. The choice of agent, dose, and lockout interval greatly influence effectiveness. The potential for overdose can be minimized by combining small bolus doses with a mandatory interval between successive doses (lockout interval).
Methods of PAIN relief that may be used with or in place of ANALGESICS.
A form of acupuncture with electrical impulses passing through the needles to stimulate NERVE TISSUE. It can be used for ANALGESIA; ANESTHESIA; REHABILITATION; and treatment for diseases.
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Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...