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Background and Objectives: Spinal puncture is painful procedure which may cause patient refusal of spinal anesthesia in future surgery. It could be minimized with topical and infiltration local anesthetic or intravenous opioid application before procedure. Objective was efficacy of intravenous fentanyl in alleviating pain during spinal needle insertion.
Methods: Prospective, randomized study included 88 adults (33-55 ages, ASA I/II), scheduled for lower leg surgery. Patients were divided in four equal study groups: spinal needle (Quincke, 26G) with introducer (20G) was inserted alone, three minutes after local anesthetic infiltration (2 ml of 2% lidocaine, 25Gx11/4" needle) or intravenous fentanyl application (0.001 mg kg-1) and without local anesthetic, fentanyl and introducer. Pain was assessed immediately after procedure by VAS score. MAP, HR and SaO2 were recorded. Sedation was assessed by Ramsay score. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS 11.0.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Comparison of intravenous fentanyl and local anesthetic infiltration in pain reducing during spinal needle puncture
University Hospital of Traumatology
Croatian Society of Regional Anesthesia and Analgesia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:08:33-0400
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A potent narcotic analgesic, abuse of which leads to habituation or addiction. It is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. Fentanyl is also used as an adjunct to general anesthetics, and as an anesthetic for induction and maintenance. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1078)
A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p165)
A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).
A short-acting opioid anesthetic and analgesic derivative of FENTANYL. It produces an early peak analgesic effect and fast recovery of consciousness. Alfentanil is effective as an anesthetic during surgery, for supplementation of analgesia during surgical procedures, and as an analgesic for critically ill patients.
A local anesthetic that is chemically related to BUPIVACAINE but pharmacologically related to LIDOCAINE. It is indicated for infiltration, nerve block, and epidural anesthesia. Mepivacaine is effective topically only in large doses and therefore should not be used by this route. (From AMA Drug Evaluations, 1994, p168)
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...