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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a culturally-appropriate childhood obesity intervention with Hispanic families. The program aims at preventing childhood obesity by targeting parents to address nutrition, physical activity, and sedentary behaviors in their children.
Childhood obesity has been ranked as a critical public health threat in the U.S. due to the increasing prevalence of obesity among children over the past three decades. Childhood obesity poses both intermediate and long-term health risks, as well as considerable economic costs. While this epidemic affects all socioeconomic levels, certain racial/ethnic groups are disproportionately affected, including Hispanics.The long-term goal of the current research is to contribute to the reduction of racial/ethnic disparities in obesity and obesity-related outcomes among Hispanics by testing a childhood obesity prevention program that has been culturally tailored for the Hispanic population through a participatory process. This developmental community-based participatory research (CBPR) project is a collaborative community-academic partnership between Meharry Medical College (MMC), Tennessee State University-Center for Health Research (TSU-CHR), and a grassroots community-based organization called Progreso Community Center (PCC). The Childhood Obesity Study is designed to evaluate two programs for Hispanic children ages 5 to 7 and their parents. One program focuses on nutrition and physical activity (based on NIH's "We Can!" program), and a parallel program focuses on oral health (developed by TSU's Dental Hygiene Program). Upon enrollment in the Study, parents and children will respond to an initial interview involving body measurement and questionnaire. Families will be given physical activity monitor to be worn for 7 days and randomly assigned to one of two groups. The families assigned to the Nutrition and Physical Activity Program will attend eight (8) bi-weekly classes (one every two weeks for four months) dealing with nutrition and physical activity. In the Oral Health Program families will attend 4 monthly classes (once a month for four months). These sessions deal with ways to take care of children's teeth and oral health. In addition, these families will have the opportunity to sign up for a free dental cleaning and assessment at the Dental Hygiene Clinic at Tennessee State University.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Healthy Families-Childhood Obesity Prevention and Oral Health
Meharry Medical College
Meharry Medical College
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:25-0400
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Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
An obsolete concept, historically used for childhood mental disorders thought to be a form of schizophrenia.
Nurses whose goal is to improve health and quality of life in a population or community through the prevention and treatment of disease and other physical and mental health conditions, the surveillance of cases and health indicators, and the promotion of healthy behaviors through public education and awareness.
Mental disorders related to feeding and eating that are usually diagnosed in infancy or early childhood.
Those psychiatric disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence. These disorders can also be first diagnosed during other life stages.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
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