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In pediatric anesthesia it is very important to place the endotracheal tube into the right position. This study compares two clinical location methods. The hypothesis means that the two techniques have the same precision of the location of the tip position of a cuffed MICROCUFF (Kimberly-Clark)endotracheal tube.
Appropriate location of the tip of an endotracheal tube (TET), in relation to the carina and vocal cords, is of great importance in pediatric anesthesia. A not optimal laying tube causes life threatening consequences. Therefore, it is very essential to have reliable methods how to place the tube tip in regard of the precision of the localisation. There are no standardized methods how to accomplish a precise position. The study compares two most applied techniques. The first one is the cuff palpation technique (CPT), the second one the deliberate right mainstem intubation technique (RMT).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Anesthesia induction, Anesthesia induction
Universitätskinderspital beider Basel
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:28-0400
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An intravenous anesthetic that has been used for rapid induction of anesthesia and for maintenance of anesthesia of short duration. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p918)
A type of oropharyngeal airway that provides an alternative to endotracheal intubation and standard mask anesthesia in certain patients. It is introduced into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx thus permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or esophagus. It is used in place of a facemask in routine anesthesia. The advantages over standard mask anesthesia are better airway control, minimal anesthetic gas leakage, a secure airway during patient transport to the recovery area, and minimal postoperative problems.
A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration, for the induction of general anesthesia, or for inducing a hypnotic state. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p919)
An intravenous anesthetic with a short duration of action that may be used for induction of anesthesia.
A barbiturate that is administered intravenously for the induction of general anesthesia or for the production of complete anesthesia of short duration. It is also used for hypnosis and for the control of convulsive states. It has been used in neurosurgical patients to reduce increased intracranial pressure. It does not produce any excitation but has poor analgesic and muscle relaxant properties. Small doses have been shown to be anti-analgesic and lower the pain threshold. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p920)
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Anesthesia is the loss of feeling or sensation in all or part of the body. It may result from damage to nerves or can be induced by an anesthetist (a medical professional) using anesthetics such as thiopental or propofol or sevoflurane during a surgical ...
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...