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This study will assess the impact of a national, community-based after-school program promoting physical activity (America SCORES) on obesity, fitness and important cardiovascular risk factors among minority children. The investigators central hypothesis is that established community-based programs, such as America SCORES, can reduce obesity and cardiovascular risk among participants. The 2-year study will follow 100 children, half of whom will be randomized to SCORES and half to an academically focused after-school program in public schools. Primary outcomes are change in body mass index (BMI), physical activity (measured by accelerometer), and fitness (aerobic capacity assessed with the 20-meter shuttle test). Cardiovascular outcomes include blood pressure, body composition (assessed using bioelectrical impedance) and waist circumference. The investigators will also measure academic outcomes.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of California, San Francisco
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:12:29-0400
Four scores are usually performed to detect OSA (Obstructive Sleep Apnea) patients. These four scores are: STOP-Bang, P-SAP, OSA50 and DES-OSA. These scores have been previously validated....
The primary aims were to assess community capacity to develop, implement, and sustain a childhood obesity reduction initiative in the health-disparate Dan River Region as well as to pilot ...
Rationale: The worldwide prevalence of obesity increases rapidly, and at the moment there are more overweight than underweight people in the world. This is partly caused by increased energ...
To evaluate the impact of a Low Carbohydrate Ketogenic Diet (LCKD) weight loss program and compare to the standard of care program established for patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver D...
The purpose of this project is to establish a Center of Excellence in Research on Obesity that will focus on severe obesity. The prevalence of severe obesity (i.e., Class 2 and 3 obesity;...
Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 with Obesity Association of FTO rs9939609 wit...
Few studies have thus far been carried out on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) and obesity in Arab-speaking countries, an issue that we therefore set out to investigate in this study. HRQoL was ...
Obesity is one of the major causes for development of T2DM. Metabolic surgery has been proved to be a successful and cost-effective treatment modality for managing the patients with obesity and T2DM. ...
Controversies surrounding the effectiveness of fiber intake for prevention of obesity can be attributed to differences in the genetic makeup of individuals. This study aims to examining the interactio...
Medical management of obesity can result in significant weight loss and reduce the burden of obesity-related complications. This report employs a new conceptual model to quantify engagement with obesi...
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual is mentally retarded. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline mentally retarded range. Scores below 67 are in the retarded range. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
A sub-PHENOTYPE of obese individuals who have a risk for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES between that of healthy individuals with normal weight and unhealthy individuals with obesity.
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...